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Observation of a Mesospheric Front in a Dual Duct Over King George Island, Antarctica : Volume 11, Issue 5 (31/05/2011)

By Bageston, J. V.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003977111
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 22
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Observation of a Mesospheric Front in a Dual Duct Over King George Island, Antarctica : Volume 11, Issue 5 (31/05/2011)  
Author: Bageston, J. V.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Gobbi, D., Andrioli, V. F., Bageston, J. V., Fritts, D. C., Batista, P. P., Hibbins, R. E., & Wrasse, C. M. (2011). Observation of a Mesospheric Front in a Dual Duct Over King George Island, Antarctica : Volume 11, Issue 5 (31/05/2011). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), São José dos Campos, Brazil. A mesospheric bore was observed with an all-sky airglow imager on the night of 9–10 July 2007 at Ferraz Station (62° S, 58° W), located on King George island on the Antarctic Peninsula. The observed bore propagated from southwest to northeast with a well defined wave front and a series of crests behind the main front. There was no evidence of dissipation during its propagation within the field of view. The wave parameters were obtained via a 2-D Fourier transform of the imager data providing a horizontal wavelength of 33 km, an observed period of 6 min, and a horizontal phase speed of 92 m s−1. Simultaneous mesospheric winds were measured with a medium frequency (MF) radar at Rothera Station (68° S, 68° W) and temperature profiles were obtained from the SABER instrument on the TIMED satellite. These wind and temperature profiles were used to estimate the propagation environment of the bore. A wavelet technique was applied to the wind in the plane of bore propagation at the OH emission height spanning three days centered on the bore event to define the dominant periodicities. Results revealed a dominance of near-inertial periods, and semi-diurnal and terdiurnal tides suggesting that the ducting structure enabling bore propagation occurred on large spatial scales. The observed tidal motions were used to reconstruct the winds employing a least-squares method, which were then compared to the observed ducting environment. Results suggest an important contribution of large-scale winds to the ducting structure, but with buoyancy frequency variations in the vertical also expected to be important. These results allow us to conclude that the bore was supported by a duct including contributions from both winds and temperature (or stability). A co-located airglow temperature imager operated simultaneously with the all-sky imager confirmed that the bore event was the dominant small-scale wave event during the analysis interval.

Summary
Observation of a mesospheric front in a dual duct over King George Island, Antarctica

Excerpt
Andrioli, V.F., Clemesha, B.R., Batista, P. P. and Schuch, N. J.: Atmospheric tides and mean winds in the meteor region over Santa Maria (29.78° S; 53.88° W), J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys., 71(17–18), 1864–1876, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2009.07.005, 2009.; Bageston, J. V., Wrasse, C.M., Gobbi, D. Tahakashi, H., and Souza, P. B.: Observation of Mesospheric Gravity Waves at Estação Antártica Comandante Ferraz (62° S), Antarctica, Ann. Geophys., 27, 2593–2598, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-2593-2009, 2009.; Bageston, J. V., Wrasse, C. M., Hibbins, R. E, Batista, P. P., Gobbi, D., Takahashi, H., Fritts, D. C., Andrioli, V. F., Fechine, J., and Denardini, C. M.: Case Study of a Mesospheric Wall Event over Ferraz Station, Antarctica (62° S), Ann. Geophys., 29, 209�-219, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-209-2011, 2011.; Chimonas, G. and Hines, C.O.: Doppler Ducting of Atmospheric Gravity-Waves, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 1219–1230, 1986.; Dewan, E. and Picard, R.: Mesospheric bores, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 6295–6305, 1998.; Dewan, E. and Picard, R.: On the origin of mesospheric bores, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 2921–2927, 2001.; Fechine, J., Medeiros, A. F., Buriti, R. A., Takahashi, H., and Gobbi, D.: Mesospheric bore events in the equatorial middle atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys., 67, 1774–1778, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2005.04.006, 2005.; Fechine, J., Wrasse, C. M., Takahashi, H., Medeiros, A. F., Batista, P. P., Clemesha, B. R., Lima, L. M., Fritts, D., Laughman, B., Taylor, M. J., Pautet, P. D., Mlynczak, M. G., and Russell III, J. M.: First observation of an undular mesospheric bore in a Doppler duct, Ann. Geophys., 27, 1399�-1406, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-1399-2009, 2009.; Fritts, D. C. and Yuan, L.: An Analysis of Gravity Wave Ducting in the Atmosphere: Eckart's Resonances in Thermal and Doppler Ducts, J. Geophys. Res., 94(D15), 8,455–18,466, 1989.; Fritts, D. C, Janches, D., Iimura, K., Hocking, W. K., and Bageston, J. V.: Comparisons of mean winds, tides, and gravity wave momentum fluxes measured by enhanced meteor radars on Tierra del Fuego (53.8° S) and King George Island (62° S), J. Geophys. Res., to be submitted, Personal Communication, April 2011.; Garcia, F. J. and Taylor, M. J.: Two-dimensional spectra-analysis of mesospheric airglow data, Appl. Opt., 36, 29, 7374–7385, 1997.; Hibbins, R. E., Espy, P. J., Jarvis, M. J., Riggin, D. M., and Fritts, D. C.: A climatology of tides and gravity wave variance in the MLT above Rothera, Antarctica obtained by MF radar, J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys., 69, 578–588, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.10.009, 2007.; Isler, J. R., Taylor, M. J., and Fritts, D. C.: Observational Evidence of Wave Ducting and Evanescence in the Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26301-26313, 1997.; Jarvis, M. J., Jones, G. O. L., and Jenkins, B.: New initiatives in observing the Antarctic mesosphere, Adv. Space Res., 24 (5), 611–619, 1999.; Laughman, B., Fritts, D. C., and Werne, J.: Numerical simulation of bore generation and morphology in thermal and Doppler ducts, Ann. Geophys., SpreadFEx special issue, 27, 511–523, 2009.; Laughman, B., Fritts, D. C., and Werne, J.: Comparisons of predicted bore evolutions by the Benjamin-Davis-Ono and Navier-Stokes equations for idealized mesopause thermal ducts, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D02120, doi:1029/2010JD014409, 2011.; Manson, A. H., Meek, C. E., Hall, C. M., Nozawa, S., Mitchell, N. J., Pancheva, D., Singer, W., and Hoffmann, P.: Mesopause dynamics from the Scandinavian triangle of radars within the PSMOS-DATAR Project, Ann. Geophys., 22, 367–386, 2004.; Marsh, D. R., Smith, A. K., Mlynczak, M. G.

 

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