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An Overview of the Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity Observations Collected in Southern France During the Hydrological Cycle in Mediterranean Experiment (Hymex), Special Observation Period 1 : Volume 8, Issue 2 (09/02/2015)

By Defer, E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003977334
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: An Overview of the Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity Observations Collected in Southern France During the Hydrological Cycle in Mediterranean Experiment (Hymex), Special Observation Period 1 : Volume 8, Issue 2 (09/02/2015)  
Author: Defer, E.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Measurement
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Pinty, J., Martin, J., Coquillat, S., Pedeboy, S., Soula, S., Roussot, O.,...Ortéga, P. (2015). An Overview of the Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity Observations Collected in Southern France During the Hydrological Cycle in Mediterranean Experiment (Hymex), Special Observation Period 1 : Volume 8, Issue 2 (09/02/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: LERMA, UMR8112, Observatoire de Paris & CNRS, Paris, France. The PEACH project (Projet en Electricité Atmosphérique pour la Campagne HyMeX – the Atmospheric Electricity Project of the HyMeX Program) is the atmospheric electricity component of the Hydrology cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment (HyMeX) experiment and is dedicated to the observation of both lightning activity and electrical state of continental and maritime thunderstorms in the area of the Mediterranean Sea. During the HyMeX SOP1 (Special Observation Period) from 5 September to 6 November 2012, four European operational lightning locating systems (ATDnet, EUCLID, LINET, ZEUS) and the HyMeX lightning mapping array network (HyLMA) were used to locate and characterize the lightning activity over the northwestern Mediterranean at flash, storm and regional scales. Additional research instruments like slow antennas, video cameras, microbarometer and microphone arrays were also operated. All these observations in conjunction with operational/research ground-based and airborne radars, rain gauges and in situ microphysical records are aimed at characterizing and understanding electrically active and highly precipitating events over southeastern France that often lead to severe flash floods. Simulations performed with cloud resolving models like Meso-NH and Weather Research and Forecasting are used to interpret the results and to investigate further the links between dynamics, microphysics, electrification and lightning occurrence. Herein we present an overview of the PEACH project and its different instruments. Examples are discussed to illustrate the comprehensive and unique lightning data set, from radio frequency to acoustics, collected during the SOP1 for lightning phenomenology understanding, instrumentation validation, storm characterization and modeling.

Summary
An overview of the lightning and atmospheric electricity observations collected in southern France during the HYdrological cycle in Mediterranean EXperiment (HyMeX), Special Observation Period 1

Excerpt
Adamo, C.: On the use of lightning measurements for the microphysical analysis and characterization of intense precipitation events over the Mediterranean area, PhD dissertation, Univ. of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy, 2004.; Altaratz, O., Reisin, T., and Levin, Z.: Simulation of the Electrification of Winter Thunderclouds using the 3-dimensional RAMS Model: single cloud simulations, J. Geophys. Res, 110, 1–12, D20205, 2005.; Arechiga, R. O., Johnson, J. B., Edens, H. E., Thomas, R. J., and Rison, W.: Acoustic localization of triggered lightning, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D09103, doi:10.1029/2010JD015248, 2011.; Barthe, C. and Barth, M. C.: Evaluation of a new lightning-produced NOx parameterization for cloud resolving models and its associated uncertainties, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4691–4710, doi:10.5194/acp-8-4691-2008, 2008.; Barthe, C. and Pinty, J.-P.: Simulation of electrified storms with comparison of the charge structure and lightning efficiency, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D19204, doi:10.1029/2006JD008241, 2007a.; Barthe, C. and Pinty, J.-P.: Simulation of a supercellular storm using a three-dimensional mesoscale model with an explicit lightning flash scheme, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06210, doi:10.1029/2006JD007484, 2007b.; Barthe, C., Molinié, G., and Pinty, J.-P.: Description and first results of an explicit electrical scheme in a 3D cloud resolving model, Atmos. Res., 76, 95–113, 2005.; Barthe, C., Pinty, J.-P., and Mari, C.: Lightning-produced NOx in an explicit electrical scheme tested in a Stratosphere-Troposphere Experiment: Radiation, Aerosols, and Ozone case study, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D04302, doi:10.1029/2006JD007402, 2007.; Barthe, C., Chong, M., Pinty, J.-P., Bovalo, C., and Escobar, J.: CELLS v1.0: updated and parallelized version of an electrical scheme to simulate multiple electrified clouds and flashes over large domains, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 167–184, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-167-2012, 2012.; Beard, K. V.: Terminal velocity and shape of cloud and precipitation drops aloft, J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 851–864, 1976.; Betz, H.-D., Schmidt, K., and Oettinger, W. P.: LINET – An International VLF/LF Lightning Detection Network in Europe, in: Lightning: Principles, Instruments and Applications, edited by: Betz, H.-D., Schumann, U., and Laroche, P., Ch. 5, Dordrecht (NL), Springer, 2008.; Betz, H.-D., Schmidt, K., Laroche, P., Blanchet, P., Oettinger, W. P., Defer, E., Dziewit, Z., and Konarski, J.: LINET – an international lightning detection network in Europe, Atmos. Res., 91, 564–573, 2009.; Blanc, E., Farges, T., Le Pichon, A., and Heinrich, P.: Ten year observations of gravity waves from thunderstorms in western Africa, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 119, 6409–6418, doi:10.1002/2013JD020499, 2014.; Bousquet, O., Berne, A., Delanoe, J., Dufournet, Y., Gourley, J. J., Van-Baelen, J., Augros, C., Besson, L., Boudevillain, B., Caumont, O., Defer, E., Grazioli, J., Jorgensen, D. J., Kirstetter, P.-E., Ribaud, J.-F., Beck, J., Delrieu, G., Ducrocq, V., Scipion, D., Schwarzenboeck, A., and Zwiebel, J.: Multiple-Frequency Radar Observations Collected In Southern France During HyMeX SOP-1, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., online first, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00076.1, 2014.; Chauzy, S. and Soula, S.: General interpretation of surface electric field variations between lightning flashes, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 5676–5684, 1987.; Christian, H. J., Blakeslee, R. J., Boccippio


 

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