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Enhancement of N2O During the October–november 2003 Solar Proton Events : Volume 8, Issue 2 (04/03/2008)

By Funke, B.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003978050
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 23
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Enhancement of N2O During the October–november 2003 Solar Proton Events : Volume 8, Issue 2 (04/03/2008)  
Author: Funke, B.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2008
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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López-Puertas, M., Glatthor, N., García-Comas, M., Clarmann, T. V., Funke, B., Semeniuk, K.,...Mcconnell, J. C. (2008). Enhancement of N2O During the October–november 2003 Solar Proton Events : Volume 8, Issue 2 (04/03/2008). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Granada, Spain. In this paper we present evidence of enhanced N2O concentrations in the upper stratosphere/lower mesosphere polar regions after the solar proton events that occurred during October–November 2003. The observations were performed by the MIPAS instrument on the Envisat satellite. Simulations performed using the Canadian Middle Atmospheric Model (CMAM) show that such enhancements are most likely produced by the reaction of N(4S) with NO2, both of which species are largely enhanced just after the solar proton events in the winter polar night.

Summary
Enhancement of N2O during the October–November 2003 solar proton events

Excerpt
Brasseur, G. and Solomon, S.: Aeronomy of the middle Atmosphere, 3rd revised and enlarged ed., Springer, Dordrecht, 644 pp., 327–358, 2005.; de Grandpr\accent 19 e, J., Beagley, S. R., Griffioen, E., McConnell, J. C., and Medvedev, A. S.: Ozone climatology using interactive chemistry: Results from the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26 475–26 491, 2000.; European Space Agency, Envisat, MIPAS An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, The Netherlands, SP-1229, 1–123, 2000.; Fischer, H. and Oelhaf, H.: Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers, Appl. Optics, 35, 16, 2787–2796, 1996.; Fischer, H., Birk, M., Blom, C., Carli, B., Carlotti, M., von Clarmann, T., Delbouille, L., Dudhia, A., Ehhalt, D., Endemann, M., Flaud, J. M., Gessner, R., Kleinert, A., Koopmann, R., Langen, J., López-Puertas, M., Mosner, P., Nett, H., Oelhaf, H., Perron, G., Remedios, J., Ridolfi, M., Stiller, G., and Zander, R.: MIPAS: An Instrument for Atmospheric and Climate Research, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 8795–8893, 2007.; Funke, B., López-Puertas, M., Gil-López, S., Clarmann, T., Stiller, G., Kellmann, S., and Fischer, H.: Downward transport of upper atmospheric \nox into the polar stratosphere and lower mesosphere during the Antarctic 2003 and Arctic 2002/2003 winters, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D24308, doi:10.1029/2005JD006463, 2005.; Glatthor, N., von Clarmann, T., Fischer, H., Funke, B., Grabowski, U., Höpfner, M., Kellmann, S., Kiefer, M., Linden, A., Milz, M., Steck, T., Stiller, G. P., Mengistu Tsidu, G., and Wang, D.-Y.: Mixing processes during the Antarctic vortex split in September–October 2002 as inferred from source gas and ozone distributions from ENVISAT-MIPAS, J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 787–800, 2005.; Jackman, C. H. and McPeters, R. D.: The effects of solar proton events on ozone and other constituents, Solar variability and its Effects on climate, Geophys. Mon., 141, 305–319, 2004.; Jackman, C. H., DeLand, M. T., Labow, G. J., Fleming, E. L., Weisenstein, D. K., Ko, M., Sinnhuber, M. K. W., and Russell, J. M.: Neutral atmospheric influences of the solar proton events in October–November 2003, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09S27, doi:10.1029/2004JA010888, 2005a.; Jackman, C. H., DeLand, M. T., Labow, G. J., Fleming, E. L., Weisenstein, D. K., Ko, M., Sinnhuber, M. K. W., Anderson, J., and Russell, J. M.: The influence of the several very large solar proton events in Years 2000–2003 on the neutral middle atmosphere, Adv. Space Res., 35, 445–450, 2005b.; Jackman, C. H., Marsh, D. R., Vitt, F. M., Garcia, R., Fleming, E. L., Labow, G. J., Randall, C., López-Puertas, M., and Funke, B.: Short- and medium-term atmospheric effects of very large solar proton events, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 765–785, 2008.; Jackman, C. H.: Ionization rates for 1963–2007 from Solar Proton events, http://strat-www.met.fu-berlin.de/~matthes/sparc/SOLARIS_Jackman_SPEs.pdf, 2007.; López-Puertas, M., Funke, B., Gil-López, S., von Clarmann, T., Stiller, G. P., Höpfner, M., Kellmann, S., Fischer, H., and Jackman, C. H.: Observation of \nox enhancement and ozone depletion in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres after the October–November 2003 solar proton events, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09S43, doi:10.1029/2005JA011050, 2005a.; López-Puertas, M., Funke, B., Gil-López, S., Mengistu Tsidu, G., Fischer, H., and Jackman, C. H.: \hno3, \ndo5, and \clono2 enhancements after the October–November 2003 solar proton events, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09S44, doi:10.1029/2005JA011051, 2005b.; López-Puertas, M., Funke, B., Clarmann, T., Fischer, H., and Stiller, G.: The Variability of Stratospheric and Mesospheric NOy in the Arctic and Antarctic 2002–2004 Polar Winters, Space Sc

 

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