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Insights Into the Role of Soot Aerosols in Cirrus Cloud Formation : Volume 7, Issue 16 (17/08/2007)

By Kärcher, B.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003978194
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 25
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Insights Into the Role of Soot Aerosols in Cirrus Cloud Formation : Volume 7, Issue 16 (17/08/2007)  
Author: Kärcher, B.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 16
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2007
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Demott, P. J., Pechtl, S., Kärcher, B., Yu, F., & Möhler, O. (2007). Insights Into the Role of Soot Aerosols in Cirrus Cloud Formation : Volume 7, Issue 16 (17/08/2007). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. Cirrus cloud formation is believed to be dominated by homogeneous freezing of supercooled liquid aerosols in many instances. Heterogeneous ice nuclei such as mineral dust, metallic, and soot particles, and some crystalline solids within partially soluble aerosols are suspected to modulate cirrus properties. Among those, the role of ubiquitous soot particles is perhaps the least understood. Because aviation is a major source of upper tropospheric soot particles, we put emphasis on ice formation in dispersing aircraft plumes. The effect of aircraft soot on cirrus formation in the absence of contrails is highly complex and depends on a wide array of emission and environmental parameters. We use a microphysical-chemical model predicting the formation of internally mixed, soot-containing particles up to two days after emission, and suggest two principal scenarios: high concentrations of original soot emissions could slightly increase the number of ice crystals; low concentrations of particles originating from coagulation of emitted soot with background aerosols could lead to a significant reduction in ice crystal number. Both scenarios assume soot particles to be moderate ice nuclei relative to cirrus formation by homogeneous freezing in the presence of few efficient dust ice nuclei. A critical discussion of laboratory experiments reveals that the ice nucleation efficiency of soot particles depends strongly on their source, and, by inference, on atmospheric aging processes. Mass and chemistry of soluble surface coatings appear to be crucial factors. Immersed soot particles tend to be poor ice nuclei, some bare ones nucleate ice at low supersaturations. However, a fundamental understanding of these studies is lacking, rendering extrapolations to atmospheric conditions speculative. In particular, we cannot yet decide which indirect aircraft effect scenario is more plausible, and options suggested to mitigate the problem remain uncertain.

Summary
Insights into the role of soot aerosols in cirrus cloud formation

Excerpt
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