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Constraints from Atmospheric Co2 and Satellite-based Vegetation Activity Observations on Current Land Carbon Cycle Trends : Volume 9, Issue 11 (15/11/2012)

By Dalmonech, D.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003979051
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 52
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Constraints from Atmospheric Co2 and Satellite-based Vegetation Activity Observations on Current Land Carbon Cycle Trends : Volume 9, Issue 11 (15/11/2012)  
Author: Dalmonech, D.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 11
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Dalmonech, D., & Zaehle, S. (2012). Constraints from Atmospheric Co2 and Satellite-based Vegetation Activity Observations on Current Land Carbon Cycle Trends : Volume 9, Issue 11 (15/11/2012). Retrieved from

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Biogeochemical Systems Department, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany. Terrestrial ecosystem models used for Earth system modelling show a significant divergence in future patterns of ecosystem processes, in particular carbon exchanges, despite a seemingly common behaviour for the contemporary period. An in-depth evaluation of these models is hence of high importance to achieve a better understanding of the reasons for this disagreement.

Here, we develop an extension for existing benchmarking systems by making use of the complementary information contained in the observational records of atmospheric CO2 and remotely-sensed vegetation activity to provide a firm set of diagnostics of ecosystem responses to climate variability in the last 30 yr at different temporal and spatial scales. The selection of observational characteristics (traits) specifically considers the robustness of information given the uncertainties in both data and evaluation analysis. In addition, we provide a baseline benchmark, a minimum test that the model under consideration has to pass, to provide a more objective, quantitative evaluation framework. The benchmarking strategy can be used for any land surface model, either driven by observed meteorology or coupled to a climate model.

We apply this framework to evaluate the offline version of the MPI-Earth system model's land surface scheme JSBACH. We demonstrate that the complementary use of atmospheric CO2 and satellite based vegetation activity data allows to pinpoint specific model failures that would not be possible by the sole use of atmospheric CO2 observations.

Constraints from atmospheric CO2 and satellite-based vegetation activity observations on current land carbon cycle trends

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