World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Comparison of Ambient Aerosol Extinction Coefficients Obtained from In-situ, Max-doas and Lidar Measurements at Cabauw : Volume 10, Issue 12 (06/12/2010)

By Zieger, P.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003979678
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 52
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Comparison of Ambient Aerosol Extinction Coefficients Obtained from In-situ, Max-doas and Lidar Measurements at Cabauw : Volume 10, Issue 12 (06/12/2010)  
Author: Zieger, P.
Volume: Vol. 10, Issue 12
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2010
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Wagner, T., Henzing, J., Weingartner, E., Baltensperger, U., Moerman, M., Mikkilä, J.,...Wilson, K. (2010). Comparison of Ambient Aerosol Extinction Coefficients Obtained from In-situ, Max-doas and Lidar Measurements at Cabauw : Volume 10, Issue 12 (06/12/2010). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Paul Scherrer Institut, Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland. In the field, aerosol in-situ measurements are often performed under dry conditions (relative humidity RH<30–40%). Since ambient aerosol particles experience hygroscopic growth at enhanced RH, also their microphysical and optical properties – especially the aerosol light scattering – are strongly dependent on RH. The knowledge of this RH effect is of crucial importance for climate forcing calculations or for the comparison of remote sensing with in-situ measurements. Here, we will present results from a four-month campaign which took place in summer 2009 in Cabauw, The Netherlands. The aerosol scattering coefficient Σsp(Λ) was measured dry and at various, predefined RH conditions between 20 and 95% with a humidified nephelometer. The scattering enhancement factor f(RH,λ) is the key parameter to describe the effect of RH on Σsp(Λ) and is defined as Σsp(RH,Λ) measured at a certain RH divided by the dry Σsp(dry,Λ). The measurement of f(RH,λ) together with the dry absorption measurement (assumed not to change with RH) allows the determination of the actual extinction coefficient Σep(RH,Λ) at ambient RH. In addition, a wide range of other aerosol properties were measured in parallel. The measurements were used to characterize the effects of RH on the aerosol optical properties. A closure study showed the consistency of the aerosol in-situ measurements. Due to the large variability of air mass origin (and thus aerosol composition) a simple parameterization of f(RH,λ) could not be established. If f(RH,λ) needs to be predicted, the chemical composition and size distribution needs to be known. Measurements of four MAX-DOAS (multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy) instruments were used to retrieve vertical profiles of Σep(Λ). The values of the lowest layer were compared to the in-situ values after conversion of the latter to ambient RH. The comparison showed a good correlation of R2=0.62–0.78, but the extinction coefficients were a factor of 1.5–3.4 larger than the in-situ values. Best agreement is achieved for a few cases characterized by low aerosol optical depths and low planetary boundary layer heights. Differences showed to be dependent on the applied MAX-DOAS retrieval algorithm. The comparison of the in-situ data to a Raman lidar (light detection and ranging) showed a good correlation and higher values measured by the lidar (R2=0.79, slope of 1.81) if the Raman retrieved profile was used to extrapolate the directly measured extinction coefficient to the ground. The comparison improved if only nighttime measurements were used in the comparison (R2=0.93, slope of 1.19).

Summary
Comparison of ambient aerosol extinction coefficients obtained from in-situ, MAX-DOAS and LIDAR measurements at Cabauw

Excerpt
Ackermann, J.: The extinction-to-backscatter ratio of tropospheric aerosols: a numerical study, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 15, 1043–1050, 1998.; Clarke, A. D., Howell, S., Quinn, P. K., Bates, T. S., Ogren J. A., Andrews, E., Jefferson, A., Massling, A., Mayol-Bracero, O., Maring, H., Savoie, D., and Cass, G.: INDOEX aerosol: A comparison and summary of chemical, microphysical, and optical properties observed from land, ship, and aircraft, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 8033, doi:803310.1029/2001JD000572, 2002.; Clémer, K., Van Roozendael, M., Fayt, C., Hendrick, F., Hermans, C., Pinardi, G., Spurr, R., Wang, P., and De Mazière, M.: Multiple wavelength retrieval of tropospheric aerosol optical properties from MAXDOAS measurements in Beijing, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 863–878, doi:10.5194/amt-3-863-2010, 2010.; Collaud Coen, M., Weingartner, E., Apituley, A., Ceburnis, D., Fierz-Schmidhauser, R., Flentje, H., Henzing, J. S., Jennings, S. G., Moerman, M., Petzold, A., Schmid, O., and Baltensperger, U.: Minimizing light absorption measurement artifacts of the Aethalometer: evaluation of five correction algorithms, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 457–474, doi:10.5194/amt-3-457-2010, 2010.; de Haij, M., Klein Baltink, H., and Wauben, W.: Continuous mixing layer height determination using the LD40-ceilometer: a feasibility study, KNMI Scientific Report WR 2007-01, De Bilt, The Netherlands, 2007.; de Haij, M., Wauben, W., Klein Baltink, H., and Apituley, A.: Determination of the mixing layer height by a ceilometer, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, 19–23 October, Delft, The Netherlands, edited by: Apituley, A., Russchenberg, H. W. J., Monna, W. A. A., ISBN 978-90-6960-233-2, 2010.; Deutschmann, T. and Wagner, T.: TRACY-II Users manual, http://joseba.mpch-mainz.mpg.de/Strahlungstransport.htm, 2008.; Ehn, M., Petäjä, T., Aufmhoff, H., Aalto, P., Hämeri, K., Arnold, F., Laaksonen, A., and Kulmala, M.: Hygroscopic properties of ultrafine aerosol particles in the boreal forest: diurnal variation, solubility and the influence of sulfuric acid, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 211–222, doi:10.5194/acp-7-211-2007, 2007.; Ferrare, R. A., Melfi, S. H., Whiteman, D. N., Evans, K. D., and Leifer, R.: Raman lidar measurements of aerosol extinction and backscattering, 1. Methods and comparisons, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D16), 19663–19672, 1998.; Fierz-Schmidhauser, R., Zieger, P., Gysel, M., Kammermann, L., DeCarlo, P. F., Baltensperger, U., and Weingartner, E.: Measured and predicted aerosol light scattering enhancement factors at the high alpine site Jungfraujoch, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 2319–2333, doi:10.5194/acp-10-2319-2010, 2010, 2010a.; Fierz-Schmidhauser, R., Zieger, P., Vaishya, A., Monahan, C., Bialek, J., O'Dowd, C.D., Jennings, S. G., Baltensperger, U., and Weingartner, E.: Light scattering enhancement factors in the marine boundary layer (Mace Head, Ireland), J. Geophys. Res., 115, D20204, doi:10.1029/2009JD013755, 2010b.; Fierz-Schmidhauser, R., Zieger, P., Wehrle, G., Jefferson, A., Ogren, J. A., Baltensperger, U., and Weingartner, E.: Measurement of relative humidity dependent light scattering of aerosols, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 39–50, doi:10.5194/amt-3-39-2010, 2010c.; Fitzgerald, J. W., Hoppel, W. A., and Vietti, M. A.: The size and scattering coefficient of urban aerosol particles at Washington, DC as a function of relative humidity, J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1838–1852, 1982.; Freudenthaler, V.: The Telecover Test: A quality assurance tool for the optical part of a lidar system,

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • On the Relationship Between Acetone and ... (by )
  • Application of Synchrotron Radiation for... (by )
  • Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements by Du... (by )
  • Peroxy Radicals in the Summer Free Tropo... (by )
  • Black Carbon Concentrations and Sources ... (by )
  • Dynamics of the Antarctic and Arctic Mes... (by )
  • Technical Note: Quantitative Long-term M... (by )
  • Mountain Wave Psc Dynamics and Microphys... (by )
  • A Very High-resolution Global Fossil Fue... (by )
  • Carbonaceous Aerosol Aae Inferred from I... (by )
  • Why Formation Rate of 3 Nm Particles Dep... (by )
  • On the Uses of a New Linear Scheme for S... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.