World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Ensemble Meteorological Reconstruction Using Circulation Analogues of 1781–1785 : Volume 9, Issue 5 (06/09/2013)

By Yiou, P.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003981500
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 26
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Ensemble Meteorological Reconstruction Using Circulation Analogues of 1781–1785 : Volume 9, Issue 5 (06/09/2013)  
Author: Yiou, P.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Climate, Past
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2013
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Vrac, M., Yiou, P., Vautard, R., Boichu, M., Jourdain, S., Garnier, E.,...Menut, L. (2013). Ensemble Meteorological Reconstruction Using Circulation Analogues of 1781–1785 : Volume 9, Issue 5 (06/09/2013). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, UMR8212 CEA-CNRS-UVSQ & IPSL, CE Saclay l'Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France. This paper uses a method of atmospheric flow analogues to reconstruct an ensemble of atmospheric variables (namely sea-level pressure, surface temperature and wind speed) between 1781 and 1785. The properties of this ensemble are investigated and tested against observations of temperature. The goal of the paper is to assess whether the atmospheric circulation during the Laki volcanic eruption (in 1783) and the subsequent winter were similar to the conditions that prevailed in the winter 2009/2010 and during spring 2010. We find that the three months following the Laki eruption in June 1783 barely have analogues in 2010. The cold winter of 1783/1784 yields circulation analogues in 2009/2010. Our analysis suggests that it is unlikely that the Laki eruption was responsible for the cold winter of 1783/1784, of the relatively short memory of the atmospheric circulation.

Summary
Ensemble meteorological reconstruction using circulation analogues of 1781–1785

Excerpt
Appenzeller, C., Stocker, T., and Anklin, M.: North Atlantic oscillation dynamics recorded in Greenland ice cores, Science, 282, 446–449, 1998.; Brazdil, R., Demaree, G. R., Deutsch, M., Garnier, E., Kiss, A., Luterbacher, J., Macdonald, N., Rohr, C., Dobrovolny, P., Kolar, P., and Chroma, K.: European floods during the winter 1783/1784: scenarios of an extreme event during the 'Little Ice Age', Theor. Appl. Climatol., 100, 163–189, doi:10.1007/s00704-009-0170-5, 2010.; Cattiaux, J., Vautard, R., Cassou, C., Yiou, P., Masson-Delmotte, V., and Codron, F.: Winter 2010 in Europe: A cold extreme in a warming climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, doi:10.1029/2010gl044613, 2010.; Caussinus, H. and Mestre, O.: Detection and correction of artificial shifts in climate series, J. Roy. Stat. Soc. C, 53, 405–425, 2004.; Chenet, A. L., Fluteau, F., and Courtillot, V.: Modelling massive sulphate aerosol pollution, following the large 1783 Laki basaltic eruption, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 236, 721–731, 2005.; Cohen, J., Foster, J., Barlow, M., Saito, K., and Jones, J.: Winter 2009–2010: A case study of an extreme Arctic Oscillation event, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L17707, doi:10.1029/2010gl044256, 2010.; Compo, G., Whitaker, J., Sardeshmukh, P., Matsui, N., Allan, R., Yin, X., Gleason, B., Vose, R., Rutledge, G., Bessemoulin, P., Brönnimann, S., Brunet, M., Crouthamel, R., Grant, A., Groisman, P., Jones, P., Kruk, M., Kruger, A., Marshall, G., Maugeri, M., Mok, H., Nordli, O., Ross, T., Trigo, R., Wang, X., Woodruff, S., and Worley, S.: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 1–28, doi:10.1002/qj.776, 2011.; Cook, E., D'Arrigo, R., and Briffa, K.: A reconstruction of the North Atlantic Oscillation using tree-ring chronologies from North America and Europe, Holocene, 8, 9–17, 1998.; D'Arrigo, R., Seager, R., Smerdon, J. E., LeGrande, A. N., and Cook, E. R.: The anomalous winter of 1783–1784: Was the Laki eruption or an analog of the 2009–2010 winter to blame?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L05706, doi:10.1029/2011GL046696, 2011.; Desaive, J., Goubert, J., Le Roy Ladurie, E., Meyer, J., Muller, O., and Peter, J.: Médecins, Climat et Epidémies á la Fin du XVIIème Siècle, Mouton & Co et Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, 1972.; Durand, M. and Grattan, J.: Extensive respiratory health effects of volcanogenic dry fog in 1783 inferred from European documentary sources, Environ.l Geochem. Health, 21, 371–376, doi:10.1023/A:1006700921208, 1999.; Franklin, B.: Meteorological imaginations and conjectures, vol. 2, Manchester Lit. Philos. Soc. Mem. Proc., Manchester, 373–377, 1784.; Garnier, E.: Laki: une catastrophe européenne, l'Histoire, 343, 72–77, 2009a.; Garnier, E.: Les dérangements du temps: 500 Ans de chaud et de froid en Europe, Plon, Paris, 2009b.; Ghil, M., Chekroun, M., and Simonnet, E.: Climate dynamics and fluid mechanics: Natural variability and related uncertainties, Physica D, 237, 2111–2126, 2008.; Grattan, J., Durand, M., and Taylor, S.: Illness and elevated human mortality in Europe coincident with the Laki Fissure eruption, Volcan. Degass., 213, 401–414, doi:10.1144/Gsl.Sp.2003.213.01.24, 2003.; Hurrell, J., Kushnir, Y., Ottersen, G., and Visbeck, M. (Eds.): The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climatic Significance and Environmental Impact, in: vol. 134 of Geophysical monograph, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 2003.; Jacobeit, J., Wanner, H., Luterbacher, J., Beck, C., Philipp, A., and Sturm, K.: Atmospheric circulation variability in the North-A

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Uncertainties in the Modelled Co2 Thresh... (by )
  • Asian Aridification Linked to the First ... (by )
  • Proxy Benchmarks for Intercomparison of ... (by )
  • Pleistocene Glacial Variability as a Cha... (by )
  • Pulses of Enhanced North Pacific Interme... (by )
  • Thenardite After Mirabilite Deposits as ... (by )
  • Modelled Glacier Equilibrium Line Altitu... (by )
  • North African Vegetation–precipitation F... (by )
  • Change in Dust Variability in the Atlant... (by )
  • A Refined Taldice-1A Age Scale from 55 t... (by )
  • Climate and Vegetation Changes Around th... (by )
  • Simulating Last Interglacial Climate wit... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.