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Estimation and Calibration of the Water Isotope Differential Diffusion Length in Ice Core Records : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/08/2015)

By Van Der Wel, G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003982946
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 16
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Estimation and Calibration of the Water Isotope Differential Diffusion Length in Ice Core Records : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/08/2015)  
Author: Van Der Wel, G.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Cryosphere
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Fischer, H., Meyer, H., Oerter, H., J. Meije, H. A., & Der Wel, G. V. (2015). Estimation and Calibration of the Water Isotope Differential Diffusion Length in Ice Core Records : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/08/2015). Retrieved from

Description: Climate and Environmental Physics, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Palaeoclimatic information can be retrieved from the diffusion of the stable water isotope signal during firnification of snow. The diffusion length, a measure for the amount of diffusion a layer has experienced, depends on the firn temperature and the accumulation rate. We show that the estimation of the diffusion length using power spectral densities (PSDs) of the record of a single isotope species can be biased by uncertainties in spectral properties of the isotope signal prior to diffusion. By using a second water isotope and calculating the difference in diffusion lengths between the two isotopes, this problem is circumvented. We study the PSD method applied to two isotopes in detail and additionally present a new forward diffusion method for retrieving the differential diffusion length based on the Pearson correlation between the two isotope signals. The two methods are discussed and extensively tested on synthetic data which are generated in a Monte Carlo manner. We show that calibration of the PSD method with this synthetic data is necessary to be able to objectively determine the differential diffusion length. The correlation-based method proves to be a good alternative for the PSD method as it yields precision equal to or somewhat higher than the PSD method. The use of synthetic data also allows us to estimate the accuracy and precision of the two methods and to choose the best sampling strategy to obtain past temperatures with the required precision. In addition to application to synthetic data the two methods are tested on stable-isotope records from the EPICA (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) ice core drilled in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, showing that reliable firn temperatures can be reconstructed with a typical uncertainty of 1.5 and 2 °C for the Holocene period and 2 and 2.5 °C for the last glacial period for the correlation and PSD method, respectively.

Estimation and calibration of the water isotope differential diffusion length in ice core records

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