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Winter and Summer Time Size Distributions and Densities of Traffic-related Aerosol Particles at a Busy Highway in Helsinki : Volume 6, Issue 1 (12/01/2006)

By Virtanen, A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003984593
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 30
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Winter and Summer Time Size Distributions and Densities of Traffic-related Aerosol Particles at a Busy Highway in Helsinki : Volume 6, Issue 1 (12/01/2006)  
Author: Virtanen, A.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2006
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Mäkelä, J. M., Rönkkö, T., Kannosto, J., Pirjola, L., Virtanen, A., Keskinen, J.,...Hämeri, K. (2006). Winter and Summer Time Size Distributions and Densities of Traffic-related Aerosol Particles at a Busy Highway in Helsinki : Volume 6, Issue 1 (12/01/2006). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Tampere University of Technology, Institute of Physics, Aerosol Physics, P.O. Box 692, 33 101 Tampere, Finland. The number concentration and size distribution of traffic related particles were measured at road-side in Helsinki. Two winter campaigns took place in 10–26 February 2003 and 28 January–12 February 2004 and two summer campaigns in 12–27 August 2003 and 6–20 August 2004. The measurements were performed simultaneously at distances of 9 m and 65 m from the highway. This study concentrates on data that were measured when the wind direction was from the road to the measurement site. The total concentration in winter time was 2–3 times higher than in summer time and it was dominated by nucleation mode particles. The particles smaller than 63 nm (at aerodynamic size) constitute ~90% of all particles in winter time and ~80% of particles in summer time. The particle total concentration increases with increasing traffic rate. The dependence of particles smaller than 63 nm on traffic rate is stronger than for particles larger than 63 nm both during summer and winter. The particle distribution at the roadside consists of two distinguishable modes. The GMD of nucleation mode (Mode 1) was 20.3 nm at summer and 18.9 nm at winter. The GMD of the larger mode (Mode 2) was 72.0 nm at summer and 75.1 nm at winter. The GMD values of the modes do not depend on traffic rate. The average density value for Mode 1 particles was 1.0 g/cm3 both in summer and winter time, while the average density value for Mode 2 was 1.5±0.1 g/cm3 and 1.8±0.3 g/cm3 for summer and winter time, respectively.

Summary
Winter and summer time size distributions and densities of traffic-related aerosol particles at a busy highway in Helsinki

 

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