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Radio Network Planning and Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields : Volume 5, Issue 14 (13/06/2007)

By Baldauf, M. A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003984869
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 6
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Radio Network Planning and Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields : Volume 5, Issue 14 (13/06/2007)  
Author: Baldauf, M. A.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 14
Language: English
Subject: Science, Advances, Radio
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Wiesbeck, W., Baldauf, M. A., & Sörgel, W. (2007). Radio Network Planning and Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields : Volume 5, Issue 14 (13/06/2007). Retrieved from

Description: Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik und Elektronik (IHE), Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Germany. This paper analyzes the effect of a change in cell size and of transmit power control on the human exposure to electromagnetic fields. In a simplified network configuration the well accepted COST-Hata model is considered to assess the path loss. It is shown that increasing the base station density will not generally raise the exposure but can rather help to lower it significantly. The exposure due to base stations is hardly affected by allowing a transmit power reduction at the base station for individual links. In contrast to this, it is demonstrated that transmit power control at the mobile station is a helpful means to lower the exposure efficiently.

Radio network planning and human exposure to electromagnetic fields

Balanis,~C. A.: Antenna theory: A review, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol 80, pp. 7–23, Jan., 1992.; Baldauf,~M. A., Herschlein,~A., Sörgel,~W., and Wiesbeck,~W.: Safety distances in mobile communications, in: Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Rhodes, Greece, pp. 148–156, Oct., 2002.; Baldauf,~M. A., Knörzer,~S., Sörgel,~W., and Wiesbeck,~W.: Cell splitting and exposure in GSM networks, in: 13th International Conference on Telecommunications, Funchal, Madeira, CD-ROM, May, 2006a.; Baldauf, M. A., Knörzer, S., Kayser, T., and Wiesbeck, W.: Transmit power control in mobile communications and its potential for a reduction of EMF exposure, in: Proceedings of 4th International Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Crete, Greece, vol. 1, pp. 231–239, Oct., 2006b.; COST 231: Digital mobile radio towards future generation systems, European Commission, Directorate General XIII, EUR~18957, Tech. Rep., 1999.; Cooper,~T. G., Mann,~S. M., Khalid,~M., and Blackwell,~R. P.: Exposure of the General Public to Radio Waves near Microcell and Picocell Base Stations for Mobile Telecommunications, HPA Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards (Radiation Protection Division), online available:, Sept., 2004.; ICNIRP: Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (up to 300~GHz), Health Physics, 74(4), 494–522, 1998.; IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz, IEEE Std. C95.1-2005, 2006.; KATHREIN-Werke KG: Online available:; 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network, Radio transmission and reception (Release 1999), Technical Specification, 3GPP TS 05.05, 2003.; 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Networks, User equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception (FDD) (Release 4), Technical Specification, 3GPP TS 25.101, 2004.


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