World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Impact of Biomass Burning on Surface Water Quality in Southeast Asia Through Atmospheric Deposition: Field Observations : Volume 10, Issue 3 (25/03/2010)

By Sundarambal, P.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003986691
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 34
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Impact of Biomass Burning on Surface Water Quality in Southeast Asia Through Atmospheric Deposition: Field Observations : Volume 10, Issue 3 (25/03/2010)  
Author: Sundarambal, P.
Volume: Vol. 10, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

He, J., Tkalich, P., Balasubramanian, R., & Sundarambal, P. (2010). Impact of Biomass Burning on Surface Water Quality in Southeast Asia Through Atmospheric Deposition: Field Observations : Volume 10, Issue 3 (25/03/2010). Retrieved from

Description: Tropical Marine Science Institute 14 Kent Ridge Road, National University of Singapore, 119223, Singapore. Atmospheric nutrients have recently gained attention as a significant additional source of new nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loading to the ocean. The effect of atmospheric N on marine productivity depends on the biological availability of both inorganic and organic N and P forms. During October 2006, the regional smoke haze episode in Southeast Asia (SEA) that resulted from uncontrolled forest fires in Sumatra and Borneo blanketed large tracts of the region. In this work, we determined the composition of nutrients in aerosols and rainwater during haze and non-haze periods to assess their impacts on aquatic ecosystem in SEA for the first time. We compared atmospheric dry and wet deposition of N and P species in aerosol and rainwater in Singapore between haze and non haze periods. Air mass back trajectories showed that large-scale forest and peat fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan were a significant source of atmospheric nutrients to aquatic environments in Singapore and SEA region on hazy days. It was observed that the average concentrations of nutrients increased approximately by a factor of 3 to 8 on hazy days when compared with non-hazy days. The mean dry atmospheric fluxes (g/m2/year) of TN and TP observed during hazy and non-hazy days were 4.77±0.775 and 0.3±0.082, and 0.91±0.471 and 0.046±0.01, respectively. The mean wet deposition fluxes (g/m2/year) of TN and TP were 12.2±3.53 and 0.726±0.074, and 2.71±0.989 and 0.144±0.06 for hazy and non-hazy days, respectively. The occurrences of higher concentrations of nutrients from atmospheric deposition during smoke haze episodes may have adverse consequences on receiving aquatic ecosystems with cascading impacts on water quality.

Impact of biomass burning on surface water quality in Southeast Asia through atmospheric deposition: field observations

APHA: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st; Ayers, G. P. and Yeung, K. K.: Acid deposition in Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 30(10/11), 1581–1587, 1996.; Ayers, G. P., Peng, L. C., Fook, L. S., Kong, C. W., Gillett, R. W., and Manins, P. C.: Atmospheric concentrations and deposition of oxidised sulfur and nitrogen species at Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 1993–1998, Tellus, 52, 60–73, 1999.; Ayars, J. and Gao, Y.: Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Mullica River-Great Bay Estuary, Marine Environ. Res., 64, 590–600, 2007.; Baeyens, W., Dehairs, F., and Dedeurwaerder, H. Wet and dry deposition fluxes above the North Sea, Atmos. Environ., 24A(7), 1693–1703, 1990.; Ayers, G. P. Peng, L. C., Gillett, R. W., and Fook, L. Z.: Rainwater composition and acidity at five sites in Malaysia, in 1996, Water, Air and Soil Poll., 133, 15–30, 2002.; Balasubramanian, R., Victor, T., and Begum, R.: Impact of biomassburning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 26881–26890, 1999.; Balasubramanian, R., Victor, T., and Chun, N.: Chemical and statistical analysis of precipitation in Singapore, Water, Air and Soil Poll., 130, 451–456, 2001.; Balasubramanian, R., Qian, W. B., Decesari, S., Facchini, M. C., and Fuzzi, S.: Comprehensive characterization of PM2.5 aerosols in Singapore, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D16), 4523, doi:10.1029/2002JD002517, 2003.; Balasubramanian, R. and Qian, W. B.: Characterization and source identification of airborne trace metals in Singapore, J. Environ. Monit., 8, 813–818, 2004.; Caruso, E., Braga Marcazzan, G. M., and Redaelli, P.: PIXE investigation of element concentration and particle size distribution in Milan atmospheric aerosol, Nucl. Instrum. Methods, 181, 425–429, 1981.; Chen, Y., Mills, S., Street, J., Golan, D. Post, A., Jacobson, M., and Paytan, A.: Estimates of atmospheric dry deposition and associated input of nutrients to Gulf of Aqaba seawater, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D04309, doi:10.1029/2006JD007858, 2007.; Clark, H. and Kremer, J. N.: Estimating direct and episodic atmospheric nitrogen deposition to a coastal waterbody, Marine Environ. Res., 59(4), 349–366, 2005.; Crutzen, P. J. and Andreae, M. O.: Biomass burning in the tropics: impact on atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles, Science, 250, 1669–1678, 1990.; DHI: Detailed studies on Tuas View extension and Pulau Tekong land reclamation. Final Report, Volume VIII Water quality impact assessment, Danish Hydraulic Institute, 2004.; DOE: Department Of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia,, access: October 2006.; Draxler, R. R. and Rholph, G. D.: HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) Model access via NOAA ARL READY, Website, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 2003.; Duarte, C. M., Dachs, J., Llabrés, M., Alonso-Laita, P., Gasol, J. M., Tovar-Sánchez, A., Sañudo-Wilhemy, S., and Agustí, S.: Aerosol inputs enhance new production in the subtropical northeast Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 111, G04006, doi:10.1029/2005JG000140, 2006.; Duce, R.: The impact of atmospheric nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron species on marine biological productivity, in: The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling, edited by: Buat-Menard, P. and Reidel, D., Norwell, MA, 497–529,1986.; Duce, R. A., Liss, P. S., Merrill, J. T., Atlas, E. L., Buat-Menard, P., Hicks, B. B., Miller, J. M., Prospero, J. M., Arimoto, R., Church, T. M., Ellis, W., Galloway, J. N., Hansen, L., Jickells, T. D., Knap, A. H., Reinhardt, K. H., Schneider, B., Soudine, A., Tokos, J. J., Tsunogai, S., Wollast, R., and Zhou, M.: The atmospheric input of trace species to the world ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 5, 193–259,1991.; Duce, R. A., LaRoche, J., Altieri, K., Arrigo, K. R., Baker, A. R., Capone, D. G., Cornell, S., Dentener, F., Galloway, J., Ganeshram, R. S., Geider, R. J., Jickells, T., Kuypers, M. M


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Comparison of the Levels of Organic, Ele... (by )
  • A Wrf Simulation of the Impact of 3-d Ra... (by )
  • The Hno3 Forming Branch of the Ho2 + No ... (by )
  • Multicomponent Aerosol Dynamics Model Uh... (by )
  • Atmospheric Boundary Layer Top Height in... (by )
  • On the Representativeness of Coastal Aer... (by )
  • Technical Note: Analytical Formulae for ... (by )
  • Sensitivity of Tropospheric Loads and Li... (by )
  • Measurements of Cloud Condensation Nucle... (by )
  • Using Neural Networks to Describe Tracer... (by )
  • Soot Microphysical Effects on Liquid Clo... (by )
  • Biases in Modeled Surface Snow Bc Mixing... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.