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Concentration Maxima of Volatile Organic Iodine Compounds in the Bottom Layer Water and the Cold, Dense Water Over the Chukchi Sea in the Western Arctic Ocean: a Possibility of Production Related to Degradation of Organic Matter : Volume 12, Issue 14 (17/07/2015)

By Ooki, A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003987478
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 34
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Concentration Maxima of Volatile Organic Iodine Compounds in the Bottom Layer Water and the Cold, Dense Water Over the Chukchi Sea in the Western Arctic Ocean: a Possibility of Production Related to Degradation of Organic Matter : Volume 12, Issue 14 (17/07/2015)  
Author: Ooki, A.
Volume: Vol. 12, Issue 14
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Nishino, S., Kawasaki, S., Kikuchi, T., Ooki, A., & Kuma, K. (2015). Concentration Maxima of Volatile Organic Iodine Compounds in the Bottom Layer Water and the Cold, Dense Water Over the Chukchi Sea in the Western Arctic Ocean: a Possibility of Production Related to Degradation of Organic Matter : Volume 12, Issue 14 (17/07/2015). Retrieved from

Description: Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan. We conducted a shipboard observation over the Chukchi Sea and the Canada Basin in the western Arctic Ocean in September and October 2012 to obtain vertical distributions of four volatile organic iodine compounds (VOIs) in seawater. VOIs are believed to play a role in ozone destruction in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The VOIs observed in this study were iodomethane (CH3I), iodoethane (C2H5I), diiodomethane (CH2I2) and chloroiodomethane (CH2ClI). Maximum concentrations of the four VOIs were found in the bottom layer water over the Chukchi Sea shelf, in which layer the maximum concentration of ammonium (NH4+) also occurred. A significant correlation was observed between C2H5I and NH4+ (correlate coefficient R = 0.93) and between CH3I and NH4+ (R = 0.77), suggesting production of these VOIs increased with degradation of organic matter. Over the northern Chukchi Sea shelf–slope area, concentration maxima of CH2I2, CH2ClI, and CH3I were found in the subsurface cold, dense water (CDW). A large nitrogen deficit (N-deficit = NH4+ + NO3 + NO2 − 16PO43−) simultaneously occurred in this water, suggesting production of the three VOIs in the sediment or the bottom layer water over the shelf, probably in association with degradation of organic matter. We conclude that VOI production over the Chukchi Sea shelf can be largely attributed to the degradation of organic matter that is produced in the highly productive shelf water. High concentrations of CH2ClI were also found in the Alaskan Coastal Water (ACW) from the Bering Strait to the surface of the northern Chukchi slope. The VOIs that originated at the Chukchi Sea shelf are expected to be laterally transported to the Arctic Ocean Basin though the subsurface CDW and the surface ACW.

Concentration maxima of volatile organic iodine compounds in the bottom layer water and the cold, dense water over the Chukchi Sea in the western Arctic Ocean: a possibility of production related to degradation of organic matter

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