World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Severe Ozone Air Pollution in the Persian Gulf Region : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/02/2009)

By Lelieveld, J.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003988607
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 14
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Severe Ozone Air Pollution in the Persian Gulf Region : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/02/2009)  
Author: Lelieveld, J.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Jöckel, P., Pozzer, A., Hoor, P., Cammas, J., Lelieveld, J., Beirle, S., & Hadjinicolaou, P. (2009). Severe Ozone Air Pollution in the Persian Gulf Region : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/02/2009). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Energy, Environment and Water Research Centre, The Cyprus Institute, 20 Kavafi Street, 1645 Nicosia, Cyprus. Recently it was discovered that over the Middle East during summer ozone mixing ratios can reach a pronounced maximum in the middle troposphere. Here we extend the analysis to the surface and show that especially in the Persian Gulf region conditions are highly favorable for ozone air pollution. We apply the EMAC atmospheric chemistry-climate model to investigate long-distance transport and the regional formation of ozone. Further, we make use of available in situ and satellite measurements and compare these with model output. The results indicate that the region is a hot spot of photochemical smog where European Union air quality standards are violated throughout the year. Long-distance transports of air pollution from Europe and the Middle East, natural emissions and stratospheric ozone conspire to bring about relatively high background ozone mixing ratios. This provides a hotbed to strong and growing indigenous air pollution in the dry local climate, and these conditions are likely to get worse in the future.

Summary
Severe ozone air pollution in the Persian Gulf region

Excerpt
Ayres, J., Maynard, R., and Richards, R.: Air pollution and health, Imperial College Press, London, 2006.; Barret, B., Ricaud, P., Mari, C., Attié, J.-L.,~Bousserez, N., Josse, B., Le~Flochmo\en, E., Livesey, N.J.,~Massart, S.,~Peuch, V.-H.,~Piacentini, A.,~Sauvage, B.,~Thouret, V., and Cammas, J.-P.: Transport pathways of CO in the African upper troposphere during the monsoon season: a study based upon the assimilation of spaceborne observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 3231–3246, 2008.; Bell, M. L., Peng, R. D., and Dominici, F.: The exposure-response curve for ozone and risk of mortality and the adequacy of current ozone regulations, Environ. Health Perspect., 114, 532–536, 2006.; Chen, D., Zhou, B., Beirle, S., Chen, L. M., and Wagner, T.: Tropospheric NO2 column densities deduced from zenith-sky DOAS measurements in Shanghai, China, and their application to satellite validation, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 16713–16762, 2008.; de Laat, A. T. J. and Lelieveld, J.: Diurnal ozone cycle in the marine boundary layer, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 11547–11559, 2000.; Diffenbaugh, N. S., Pal, J. S., Giorgi, F., and Gao, X.: Heat stress intensification in the Mediterranean climate change hotspot, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L11706, doi:10.1029/2007GL030000, 2007.; Duncan, B. N. and Bey, I: A modeling study of the export pathways of pollution from Europe: Seasonal and interannual variations (1987–1997), J. Geophys. Res., 109, D08301, doi:10.1029/2003JD004079, 2004.; Duncan, B. N., West, J. J., Fiore, A. M., and Ziemke, J. R.: The influence of European pollution on ozone in the Near East and northern Africa, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2267–2283, 2008.; Emberson, L., Ashmore, M., and Murray, F.: Air pollution impacts on crops and forests. A global assessment, Imperial College Press, London, 2003.; Ganzeveld, L. N., van Aardenne, J., Butler, T., Lawrence, M. G., Metzger, S. M., Stier, P., Zimmerman, P., and Lelieveld, J.: Technical Note: Anthropogenic and natural offline emissions and the online EMissions and dry DEPosition (EMDEP) submodel of the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy), Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 5457–5483, 2006.; Giorgetta, M. A., Manzini, E., Roeckner, E., Esch, M., and Bengtsson, L.: Climatology and forcing of the quasi-biennial oscillation in the MAECHAM5 model, J. Climate, 19, 3882–3901, 2006.; Giorgi, F. and Bi, X.: Updated regional precipitation and temperature changes for the 21st century from ensembles of recent AOGCM simulations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L21715, doi:10.1029/2005GL024288, 2005.; Gryparis, A., Forsberg, B., Katsouyanni, K., et al.: Acute effects of ozone on mortality from the Air pollution and health: A European approach project, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 170, 1080–1087, 2004.; Gurjar, B. R., Butler, T. M., Lawrence, M. G., and Lelieveld, J.: Evaluation of emissions and air quality in megacities, Atmos. Environ., 42, 1593–1606, 2008.; Held, I. M. and Soden, B. J.: Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming, J. Climate, 19, 5686–5699, 2006.; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Climate change 2007: The physical science basis; Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC, edited by: Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., et al., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, 2007.; Jöckel, P., Tost, H., Pozzer, A., Brühl, C., Buchholz, J., Ganzeveld, L., Hoor, P., Kerkweg, A., Lawrence, M. G., Sander, R., Steil, B., Stiller, G., Tanarhte, M., Taraborelli, D., van Aardenne, J., and Lelieveld, J.: The atmospheric chemistry general circulation model ECHAM5/MESSy: Consistent simulation of ozone from the surface to the mesosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 5067–5104, 2006.; Kerkweg, A., Sander, R., Tost, H., and Jöckel, P.: Technical note: Implementation of prescribed (OFFLEM), calculated (ONLEM), and pseudo-emissions (TNUDGE) of chemical species in the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Using Gome No2 Satellite Data to Examine... (by )
  • Hygroscopic Properties of Newly Formed U... (by )
  • Seasonal Cycles and Variability of O3 an... (by )
  • Characteristic Nature of Vertical Motion... (by )
  • Enhancement of Atmospheric H2So4/H2O Nuc... (by )
  • Impact of Vehicular Emissions on the For... (by )
  • Assimilation of Stratospheric and Mesosp... (by )
  • Properties and Evolution of Biomass Burn... (by )
  • Investigating Relationships Between Aero... (by )
  • What Can Be Learned About Carbon Cycle C... (by )
  • Growth in NoX Emissions from Power Plant... (by )
  • A Fate for Organic Acids, Formaldehyde a... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.