World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Evolution of NoX Emissions in Europe with Focus on Road Transport Control Measures : Volume 9, Issue 4 (23/02/2009)

By Vestreng, V.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003989089
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 18
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Evolution of NoX Emissions in Europe with Focus on Road Transport Control Measures : Volume 9, Issue 4 (23/02/2009)  
Author: Vestreng, V.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Ntziachristos, L., Semb, A., Reis, S., A. Isakse, I. S., Vestreng, V., & Tarrasón, L. (2009). Evolution of NoX Emissions in Europe with Focus on Road Transport Control Measures : Volume 9, Issue 4 (23/02/2009). Retrieved from

Description: Air Pollution Section, Research Department, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway. European emission trends of nitrogen oxides since 1880 and up to present are presented here and are linked to the evolution of road transport emissions. Road transport has been the dominating source of NOx emissions since 1970, and contributes with 40% to the total emissions in 2005. Five trend regimes have been identified between 1880 and 2005. The first regime (1880–1950) is determined by a slow increase in fuel consumption all over Europe. The second regime (1950–1980) is characterized by a continued steep upward trend in liquid fuel use and by the introduction of the first regulations on road traffic emissions. Reduction in fuel consumption determines the emission trends in the third regime (1980–1990) that is also characterized by important differences between Eastern and Western Europe. Emissions from road traffic continue to grow in Western Europe in this period, and it is argued here that the reason for this continued NOx emission increase is related to early inefficient regulations for NOx in the transport sector. The fourth regime (1990–2000) involves a turning point for road traffic emissions, with a general decrease of emissions in Europe during that decade. It is in this period that we can identify the first emission reductions due to technological abatement in Western Europe. In the fifth regime (2000–2005), the economic recovery in Eastern Europe imposes increased emission from road traffic in this area. Western European emissions are on the other hand decoupled from the fuel consumption, and continue to decrease. The implementation of strict measures to control NOx emissions is demonstrated here to be a main reason for the continued Western European emission reductions. The results indicate that even though the effectiveness of European standards is hampered by a slow vehicle turnover, loopholes in the type-approval testing, and an increase in diesel consumption, the effect of such technical abatement measures is traceable in the evolution of European road traffic emissions over the last 15 years.

Evolution of NOx emissions in Europe with focus on road transport control measures

% vor jede Referenz ACEA: DIESEL: Historical series: 1990–2006 by vehicle category, European Automobile Manufacturers' Association, 2007, data available at:, 2008.; % vor jede Referenz AQEG: Trends in Primary Nitrogen Dioxide in the UK, Air Quality Expert Group, Prepared for: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Scottish Executive, Welsh Assembly Government, and Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland, London, UK, ISBN 978-0-85521-179-0, 156 pp., available at: (last access: 16 February 2009), 2006.; % vor jede Referenz Anderl, M., Kampel, E., Köther, T., Munik., B., Schodl, B., Poupa, S., and Wieser, M.: Austria's Informative Inventory Report 2007, Unweltbundesamt GmgH, Vienna, ISBN 3-85457-879-2, 378 pp., 2007.; % vor jede Referenz Berg, W.: Legislation for the Reduction of Exhaust Gas Emissions, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 3, 175–253, doi:10.1007/b10463, 2003.; % vor jede Referenz Carslaw, D. C., Beevers, S. D., and Bell, M. C.: Risks of exceeding the hourly EU limit value for nitrogen dioxide resulting from increased road transport emissions of primary nitrogen dioxide, Atmos. Environ., 41, 2073–2082, 2007.; % vor jede Referenz Cofala, J., Amann, M., Klimont, Z., Kupiainen, K., and Höglund-Isaksson, L.: Scenarios of global anthropogenic emissions of air pollutants and Methane until 2030, Atmos. Environ., 41, 8486–8499, 2007.; % vor jede Referenz COPERT:, last access: 16 February 2009.; % vor jede Referenz DEHLG, 2006: Paper prepared for the UNECE Implementation Committee to support Ireland's reasons for adjusting road transport inventories to meet Ireland's obligations under the Sofia Protocol, The Department of the Environment Heritage and Local Government (DEHLG), Dublin, Ireland, 2006.; % vor jede Referenz Dignon, J. and Hameed, S.: Global Emissions of Nitrogen and Sulfur Oxides from 1860 to 1980, JAPCA, 39, 180–186, 1989.; EC: Council Durective 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution and control, OJ L 257, 10.10.1996, 26–40, available at: (last access: 16 February 2009), 1996.; % vor jede Referenz EC: Directive 2001/81/EC. A consolidated NEC Directive for the EU 27 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants, available at: (last access: 16 February 2009), 2001a.; % vor jede Referenz EC: Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and Council of 23 October 201 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants, OJ L 309 of 27.11.2001, 1–21, available at: (last access: 16 February 2009), 2001b.; % vor jede Referenz EDGAR emission data:, last access: 16 February 2009.; % vor jede Referenz EEA: Europe's environment, The fourth assessment, (Belgrade report), EEA (European Environment Agency) and OPOCE (Office for Official Publications of the European Communities), Copenhagen, ISBN 978-92-9167-932-4, 452 pp., 2007, available at: (last access: 16 February 2009), 2007.; % vor jede Referenz EEA, 2008: Air pollution from electric-generating large combustion plants. An assessment of the theoretical emission reduction of SO2 and NOx through implementation of BAT as set in the BREFs, EEA Technical report No. 4/2008, European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen, ISSN 1725-2237, ISBN 987-92-9167-355-1, 2008.; % vor jede Referenz Ekström, M., Sjödin, Å., and Andreasson, K.: Evaluation of the COPERT III emission model with on-road optical remote sensing measurements, Atmos. Environ, 38, 6631–6641, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.07.019, 2004.; % vor jede Referenz EMEP/CORINAIR guidebook:, last access: 16 February 2009.; %


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Uptake and Emission of Vocs Near Ground ... (by )
  • Impacts of Increasing the Aerosol Comple... (by )
  • Validation of Stratospheric Water Vapour... (by )
  • Evaluated Kinetic and Photochemical Data... (by )
  • Analysis of the Ozone Profile Specificat... (by )
  • In-situ Comparison of the NoY Instrument... (by )
  • A Simple Model for Cloud Radiative Forci... (by )
  • A Review of Measurement-based Assessment... (by )
  • On the Variability of the Ring Effect in... (by )
  • Simulation of the Isotopic Composition o... (by )
  • Constraining the Total Aerosol Indirect ... (by )
  • Evaluation of a Regional Chemistry Trans... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.