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Impact of 2000–2050 Climate Change on Fine Particulate Matter (Pm2.5) Air Quality Inferred from a Multi-model Analysis of Meteorological Modes : Volume 12, Issue 7 (20/07/2012)

By Tai, A. P. K.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003989898
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 25
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Impact of 2000–2050 Climate Change on Fine Particulate Matter (Pm2.5) Air Quality Inferred from a Multi-model Analysis of Meteorological Modes : Volume 12, Issue 7 (20/07/2012)  
Author: Tai, A. P. K.
Volume: Vol. 12, Issue 7
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2012
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Mickley, L. J., Jacob, D. J., & K. Ta, A. P. (2012). Impact of 2000–2050 Climate Change on Fine Particulate Matter (Pm2.5) Air Quality Inferred from a Multi-model Analysis of Meteorological Modes : Volume 12, Issue 7 (20/07/2012). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Studies of the effect of climate change on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air quality using general circulation models (GCMs) have yielded inconsistent results including in the sign of the effect. This reflects uncertainty in the GCM simulations of the regional meteorological variables affecting PM2.5. Here we use the CMIP3 archive of data from fifteen different IPCC AR4 GCMs to obtain improved statistics of 21st-century trends in the meteorological modes driving PM2.5 variability over the contiguous US. We analyze 1999–2010 observations to identify the dominant meteorological modes driving interannual PM2.5 variability and their synoptic periods T. We find robust correlations (r > 0.5) of annual mean PM2.5 with T, especially in the Eastern US where the dominant modes represent frontal passages. The GCMs all have significant skill in reproducing present-day statistics for T and we show that this reflects their ability to simulate atmospheric baroclinicity. We then use the local PM2.5-to-period sensitivity (dPM2.5/dT) from the 1999–2010 observations to project PM2.5 changes from the 2000–2050 changes in T simulated by the 15 GCMs following the SRES A1B greenhouse warming scenario. By weighted-average statistics of GCM results we project a likely 2000–2050 increase of ~0.1 Μg m−3 in annual mean PM2.5 in the Eastern US arising from less frequent frontal ventilation, and a likely decrease of ~0.3 Μg m−3 in the Northwestern US due to more frequent maritime inflows. These circulation-driven changes are relatively small. Potentially larger regional effects of 2000–2050 climate change on PM2.5 may arise from changes in temperature, biogenic emissions, wildfires, and vegetation, but are still unlikely to affect annual PM2.5 by more than 0.5 Μg m−3.

Summary
Impact of 2000–2050 climate change on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air quality inferred from a multi-model analysis of meteorological modes

Excerpt
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