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Response of Secondary Inorganic Aerosol Concentrations and Deposition Fluxes of S and N Across Germany to Emission Changes During High Pm10 Episodes in Spring 2009 : Volume 13, Issue 6 (14/06/2013)

By Banzhaf, S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003990352
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 45
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Response of Secondary Inorganic Aerosol Concentrations and Deposition Fluxes of S and N Across Germany to Emission Changes During High Pm10 Episodes in Spring 2009 : Volume 13, Issue 6 (14/06/2013)  
Author: Banzhaf, S.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2013
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Wichink Kruit, R. J., C. Denier Van Der Go, H. A., H. Builtje, P. J., Banzhaf, S., Schaap, M., & Stern, R. (2013). Response of Secondary Inorganic Aerosol Concentrations and Deposition Fluxes of S and N Across Germany to Emission Changes During High Pm10 Episodes in Spring 2009 : Volume 13, Issue 6 (14/06/2013). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Institut für Meteorologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Carl-Heinrich-Becker Weg 6–10, 12165 Berlin, Germany. In this study, the response of secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) concentrations to changes in precursor emissions during high PM10 episodes over Central Europe in spring 2009 was investigated with the Eulerian Chemistry Transport Model (CTM) REM-Calgrid (RCG). The model performed well in capturing the temporal variation of PM10 and SIA concentrations and was used to analyse the different origin, development and characteristics of the selected high PM10 episodes. SIA concentrations, which attribute to about 50% of the PM10 concentration in north-western Europe, have been studied by means of several emission scenarios varying SO2, NOx and NH3 emissions within a domain covering Germany and within a domain covering Europe. It was confirmed that the response of sulphate, nitrate and ammonium concentrations and deposition fluxes of S and N to SO2, NOx and NH3 emission changes is non-linear. The deviation from linearity was found to be lower for total deposition fluxes of S and N than for SIA concentrations. Furthermore, the study has shown that incorporating explicit cloud chemistry in the model adds non-linear responses to the system and significantly modifies the response of modelled SIA concentrations and S and N deposition fluxes to changes in precursor emissions. The analysis of emission reduction scenarios demonstrates that next to European wide emission reductions additional national NH3 measures in Germany are more effective in reducing SIA concentrations and deposition fluxes than additional national measures on SO2 and NOx.

Summary
Response of secondary inorganic aerosol concentrations and deposition fluxes of S and N across Germany to emission changes during high PM10 episodes in spring 2009

Excerpt
Amann, M., Bertok, I., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Cofala, J., Heyes, C., Höglund-Isaksson, L., Klimont, Z., Rafaj, P., Schöpp, W., Wagner, F.: Cost-effective Emission Reductions to Improve Air Quality in Europe in 2020, Analysis of Policy Options for the EU for the Revision of the Gothenburg Protocol, NEC Scenario Analysis Report {#}8, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, 2011.; Ansari, A. S. and Pandis, S. N.: Responce of inorganic PM to precursor concentrations, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 2706–2714, 1998.; Amann, M., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Cofala, J., Heyes, C., Klimont, Z., Rafaj, P., Purohit, P., Schöpp, W., Winiwarter, W.: Future Emissions of Air Pollutants in Europe – Current Legislation Baseline and the Scope for Further Reductions, TSAP Report No 1, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, 2012.; Appelhans, J., Builtjes, P., Jör{ß}, W., Stern, R., and Theloke, J.: Exploring strategies to reduce particle concentrations – results of the research project PAREST, Immissionsschutz 1–12, Erich Schmitt-Verlag, Berlin, ISSN1430-9262, 2012.; Banzhaf, S., Schaap, M., Kerschbaumer, A., Reimer, E., Stern, R., van der Swaluw, E., and Builtjes, P.: Implementation and evaluation of pH-dependent cloud chemistry and wet deposition in the chemical transport model REM-Calgrid, Atmos. Environ., 49, 378–390, 2012.; Beekmann, M., Kerschbaumer, A., Reimer, E., Stern, R., and Möller, D.: PM measurement campaign HOVERT in the Greater Berlin area: model evaluation with chemically specified particulate matter observations for a one year period, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 55–68, doi:10.5194/acp-7-55-2007, 2007. % ### SELF-REFERENCE ###; Bobbink, R., Hornung, M., and Roelofs, J. M.: The effects of airborne pollutants on species diversity in natural and semi-natural European vegetation, J. Ecol., 86, 717–738, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.1998.8650717.x, 1998.; Builtjes, P., Jör{ß}, W., Stern, R., and Theloke, J.: Strategien zur Verminderung der Feinstaubbelastung, PAREST-Summary report, FKZ 206 43 200/01, UBA-Texte Nr. 09/2012, 2012 Umweltbundesamt, available at: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de (last access: May 2013), 2010.; Carter, W. P. L.: Condensed atmospheric photooxidation mechanisms for isoprene, Atmos. Environ., 24, 4275–4290, 1996.; Claiborn, C., Lamb, B., Miller, A., Beseda, J., Clode, B., Vaughan, J., Kang, L., and Newvine, C.: Regional measurements and modeling of windblown agricultural dust: the Columbia Plateau PM10 Program, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 19753–19767, 1998.; Deguillaume, L., Tilgner, A., Schrödner, R., Wolke, R., Chaumerliac, N., and Herrmann, H.: Towards an operational aqueous phase chemistry mechanism for regiona chemistry-transport models: CAPRAM-RED and its application to the COSMO-MUSCAT model, J. Atmos. Chem., 64, 1–35, 2009.; Demuzere, M., Trigo, R. M., Vila-Guerau de Arellano, J., and van Lipzig, N. P. M.: The impact of weather and atmospheric circulation on O3 and PM10 levels at a rural mid-latit

 

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