World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Biomass Burning Aerosol Properties Over the Northern Great Plains During the 2012 Warm Season : Volume 13, Issue 12 (10/12/2013)

By Logan, T.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003996581
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Biomass Burning Aerosol Properties Over the Northern Great Plains During the 2012 Warm Season : Volume 13, Issue 12 (10/12/2013)  
Author: Logan, T.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 12
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2013
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Dong, X., Xi, B., & Logan, T. (2013). Biomass Burning Aerosol Properties Over the Northern Great Plains During the 2012 Warm Season : Volume 13, Issue 12 (10/12/2013). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA. Biomass burning aerosols can have a large impact on atmospheric processes as well as human health. During the 2012 warm season, a large outbreak of wildfires originating from the intermountain and Pacific states provided many opportunities to observe the physical and chemical properties of biomass smoke aerosols. Six biomass burning smoke plumes (26 June–15 September) have been observed by the newly installed Grand Forks, North Dakota, AERONET site (47.91° N, 97.32° W) and are selected for this study. To identify the source regions, HYSPLIT backward trajectory model data and satellite imagery are used to track these events. The volume size distribution and spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD) dependence showed the relative influences of fine and coarse mode particles. Case II (4 July) had the strongest fine mode influence as evidenced by a strong spectral AOD dependence while Case VI (15 September) had the strongest coarse mode influence with the weakest spectral dependence. The spectral dependences of absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) and single scattering co-albedo (Ωoabs) illustrated the varying absorption of the smoke plumes by inferring the relative contributions of strongly and weakly absorbing carbonaceous species. More specifically, the AAOD parameter is primarily influenced by aerosol particle size while Ωoabs is more dependent on aerosol composition. The AAOD spectral dependences for Cases I (26 June), III (31 July), and VI were weaker than those from Cases II, IV (28 August), and V (30 August). However, the spectral Ωoabs dependences were different in that the smoke particles in Cases III and VI had the strongest absorption while Cases I, II, IV, and V had moderate to weakly absorbing particles. In addition, a weak correlation was found between plume transport time and particle absorption where strongly absorbing carbon was converted to weakly absorbing carbon.

Summary
Biomass burning aerosol properties over the Northern Great Plains during the 2012 warm season

Excerpt
Abel, S. J., Haywood, J. M., Highwood, E. J., Li, J., and Buseck, P. R.: Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1783, doi:10.1029/2003GL017342, 2003.; Adler, G., Flores, J. M., Abo Riziq, A., Borrmann, S., and Rudich, Y.: Chemical, physical, and optical evolution of biomass burning aerosols: a case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1491–1503, doi:10.5194/acp-11-1491-2011, 2011.; Andreae, M. O. and Gelencsér, A.: Black carbon or brown carbon? The nature of light-absorbing carbonaceous aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 3131–3148, doi:10.5194/acp-6-3131-2006, 2006.; Arola, A., Schuster, G., Myhre, G., Kazadzis, S., Dey, S., and Tripathi, S. N.: Inferring absorbing organic carbon content from AERONET data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 215–225, doi:10.5194/acp-11-215-2011, 2011.; Bergstrom, R. W., Pilewskie, P., Pommier, J., Rabbette, M., Russell, P. B., Schmid, B., Redemann, J., Higurashi, A., Nakajima, T., and Quinn, P. K.: Spectral absorption of solar radiation by aerosols during ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Sci., 109, D19S15, doi:10.1029/2003JD004467, 2004.; Bergstrom, R. W., Pilewskie, P., Russell, P. B., Redemann, J., Bond, T. C., Quinn, P. K., and Sierau, B.: Spectral absorption properties of atmospheric aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 5937–5943, doi:10.5194/acp-7-5937-2007, 2007.; Chung, C. E., Ramanathan, V., and Decremer, D.: Observationally constrained estimates of carbonaceous aerosol radiative forcing, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 109, 11624–11629, 2012.; Corr, C. A., Hall, S. R., Ullmann, K., Anderson, B. E., Beyersdorf, A. J., Thornhill, K. L., Cubison, M. J., Jimenez, J. L., Wisthaler, A., and Dibb, J. E.: Spectral absorption of biomass burning aerosol determined from retrieved single scattering albedo during ARCTAS, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10505–10518, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10505-2012, 2012.; Cubison, M. J., Ortega, A. M., Hayes, P. L., Farmer, D. K., Day, D., Lechner, M. J., Brune, W. H., Apel, E., Diskin, G. S., Fisher, J. A., Fuelberg, H. E., Hecobian, A., Knapp, D. J., Mikoviny, T., Riemer, D., Sachse, G. W., Sessions, W., Weber, R. J., Weinheimer, A. J., Wisthaler, A., and Jimenez, J. L.: Effects of aging on organic aerosol from open biomass burning smoke in aircraft and laboratory studies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 12049–12064, doi:10.5194/acp-11-12049-2011, 2011.; Draxler, R. R.: HYSPLIT4 user's guide, NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-230, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 1999.; Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D.: Description of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system, NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-224, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 24 pp., 1997.; Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D.: An overview of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system of trajectories, dispersion, and deposition, Aust. Meteor. Mag., 47, 295–308, 1998.; Draxler, R. R. and Rolph, G. D.: HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL READY Website, available at: http://ready.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLI T.php (7 October 2013), NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 2012.; Dubovik, O. and King, M.: A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20673–20696, 2000.; Dubovik, O., Smirnov, A., Holben, B. N., Eck, T. F., King, M. D., Kaufman, Y. J., and Slutsker, I.: Accuracy assessm

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Overview of the Focused Isoprene Experim... (by )
  • Stratospheric Temperatures and Tracer Tr... (by )
  • Daily Ozone Cycle in the Stratosphere: G... (by )
  • Quantifying Sources, Transport, Depositi... (by )
  • Global Lightning NoX Production Estimate... (by )
  • Eddy Covariance Flux Measurements of Pol... (by )
  • Nanoparticle Formation by Ozonolysis of ... (by )
  • The Impact of Bark Beetle Infestation on... (by )
  • Unraveling the Complex Local-scale Flows... (by )
  • Characteristics of Atmospheric Mercury D... (by )
  • Airclim: an Efficient Tool for Climate E... (by )
  • Atmospheric Nitrogen Budget in Sahelian ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.