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Ultrafine Particle Sources and In-situ Formation in a European Megacity : Volume 15, Issue 4 (26/02/2015)

By Pikridas, M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003997159
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 50
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Ultrafine Particle Sources and In-situ Formation in a European Megacity : Volume 15, Issue 4 (26/02/2015)  
Author: Pikridas, M.
Volume: Vol. 15, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Schwarzenboeck, A., Engelhart, G. J., Crippa, M., Merkel, M., Kostenidou, E., Pandis, S. N.,...Hildebrandt, L. (2015). Ultrafine Particle Sources and In-situ Formation in a European Megacity : Volume 15, Issue 4 (26/02/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. Ambient particle number size distributions were measured in Paris, France during summer (1–31 July 2009) and winter (15 January–15 February 2010) at three fixed ground sites and using two mobile laboratories and one airplane. The campaigns were part of the MEGAPOLI project. New particle formation (NPF) was observed only during summer at approximately 50% of the campaign days, assisted by the low condensation sink (about 10.7 ± 5.9 × 10−3 s−1). NPF events inside the Paris plume were also observed at 600 m altitude onboard an aircraft simultaneously with regional events identified on the ground. Increased particle number concentrations were measured aloft also outside of the Paris plume at the same altitude, and were attributed to NPF. The Paris plume was identified, based on increased particle number and black carbon concentration, up to 200 km away from Paris center during summer. The number concentration of particles with diameter exceeding 2.5 nm measured on the surface at Paris center was on average 6.9 ± 8.7 × 104 and 12.1 ± 8.6 × 104 cm−3 during summer and winter, respectively, and was found to decrease exponentially with distance from Paris. However, further than 30 km from the city center, the particle number concentration at the surface was similar during both campaigns. During summer one suburban site in the NE was not significantly affected by Paris emissions due to higher background number concentrations, while the particle number concentration at the second suburban site in the SW increased by a factor of three when it was downwind of Paris.

Summary
Ultrafine particle sources and in-situ formation in a European megacity

Excerpt
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