World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

A Fate for Organic Acids, Formaldehyde and Methanol in Cloud Water: Their Biotransformation by Micro-organisms : Volume 7, Issue 2 (18/04/2007)

By Amato, P.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003997954
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A Fate for Organic Acids, Formaldehyde and Methanol in Cloud Water: Their Biotransformation by Micro-organisms : Volume 7, Issue 2 (18/04/2007)  
Author: Amato, P.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2007
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Description
Description: Laboratoire de Synthèse et Etudes de Systèmes à Intérêt Biologique, UMR 6504 CNRS-Université Blaise Pascal, Aubière, France. The interactions between microbial and chemical contents of cloud water were investigated. First, we observe that the bulk cloud water solution provides a substantial environment where bacteria can develop significantly. Then, a total number of 60 microbial strains originating from seven distinct samples of cloud water and affiliated to various taxonomic groups were looked for their ability to degrade some of the main atmospheric carboxylic compounds: formate, acetate, lactate, succinate, formaldehyde and methanol. Biodegradation tests show that all these compounds can be transformed when used as single carbonaceous substrates, with activities depending on both the strain and the compound. The highest capacities of biodegradation are observed towards formaldehyde, formate and acetate, which are also the more concentrated compounds typically measured in cloud water. Hence, analyses by 1H NMR permitted to establish for instance that compounds like pyruvate or fumarate can be produced and released in the media in relation to the transformation of lactate or succinate. In addition, utilization of 13C labelled formaldehyde showed that it can be transformed through many metabolic pathways, similar to those induced by photochemistry and leading to the production of formate and/or methanol. These results suggest that microorganisms of cloud water can have various behaviours towards the chemical compounds present in the atmosphere: they can represent either a sink or source for organic carbon, and may have to be considered as actors of cloud chemistry.

Summary
A fate for organic acids, formaldehyde and methanol in cloud water: their biotransformation by micro-organisms

Excerpt
Amato, P., Ménager, M., Sancelme, M., Laj, P., Mailhot, G., and Delort, A.-M.: Microbial population in cloud water at the Puy de Dôme: implications for the chemistry of clouds, Atmos. Environ., 39, 4143–4153, 2005.; Amato, P., Parazols, M., Sancelme, M., Laj, P., Mailhot, G., and Delort, A.-M.: Microorganisms isolated from the water phase of tropospheric clouds at the puy de Dôme: major groups and growth abilities at low temperature, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 59, 255–264, 2007.; Ariya, P. A., Nepotchatykh, O., Ignatova, O., and Amyot, M.: Microbiological degradation of atmospheric organic compounds, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 2077–2081, 2002.; Ariya, P. A. and Amyot, M.: New directions: the role of bioaerosols in atmospheric chemistry and physics, Atmos. Environ., 38, 1231–1232, 2004.; Bauer, H., Kasper-Giebl, A., Löflund, M., Giebl, H., Hitzenberger, R., Zibuschka, F., and Puxbaum, H.: The contribution of bacteria and fungal spores to the organic carbon content of cloud water, precipitation and aerosols, Atmos. Res., 64, 109–119, 2002.; Chameides, W. L. and Davis, D. D.: Aqueous-phase source for formic acid in clouds, Nature, 304, 427–429, 1983.; Delort, A.-M.: Use of NMR to study in situ bioconversion of gaseous compounds, In Gas resources for resource recovery, Lens. P. Ed. IWA Publishing, London, Chapter 9, 117–131, 2006.; Fuzzi, S., Mandrioli, P., and Perfetto, A.: Fog droplets – An atmospheric source of secondary biological aerosol particles, Atmos. Environ., 31, 287–290, 1997.; Fuzzi, S., Facchini, M. C., Decesari, S., Matta, E., and Mircea, M.: Soluble organic compounds in fog and cloud droplets: what have we learned over the past few years?, Atmos. Res., 64, 89–98, 2002.; Granby, K., Christensen, C. S., and Lohse, C.: Urban and semi-rural observations of carboxylic acids and carbonyls, Atmos. Environ., 31, 1403–1415, 1997.; Grosjean, D.: Organic acids in south California air: ambient concentrations, mobile source emissions, in situ formation and removal processes, Environ. Sci. Technol., 23, 1506–1514, 1989.; Kato, N., Kobayashi, T., Shimao, M., and Sakazawa, C.: Properties of formaldehyde dismutation catalyzing enzyme of \textitPseudomonas putida F61-a, J. Biotechnol., 1, 295–273, 1984.; Kawamura, K., Steinberg, S., Ng, L., and Kaplan, I. R.: Wet deposition of low molecular weight mono- and di-carboxilic acids, aldehydes and inorganic species in Los Angeles, Atmos. Environ., 35, 3917–3926, 2001.; KEGG PATHWAY database (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway.html.; Kell, D. B., Peck, M. W., Rodger, G., and Morris, J. G.: On the permeability of weak acids and bases of the cytoplasmic membrane of \textitClostridium pasteurianum, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 99, 81–88, 1981.; Kieber, R. J., Rhines, M. F., Willey, J. D., and Brooks Avery Jr., D.: Rainwater formaldehyde: concentration, deposition and photochemical formation, Atmos. Environ., 33, 3659–3667, 1999.; Kitahara, K., Obayashi, A., and Fukui, S.: Racemase I cell-free racemase, Enzymologia, 15, 259–266, 1953.; Kumar, N., Kulshrestha, U. C., Khare, P., Saxena, A., Kumari, K. M., and Srivastava, S. S.: Measurements of formic and acetic acid levels in the vapor phase at Dayalbagh, Agra, India, Atmos. Environ., 30, 20, 3545–3550, 1996.; Löflund, M., Kasper-Giebl, A., Schuster, B., Giebl, H., Hitzenberger, R., and Puxbaum, H.: Formic, acetic oxalic and succinic acid concentrations and their contribution to organic carbon in cloud water, Atmos. Environ., 36, 1553–1558, 2002.; Marinoni, A., Laj, P., Sellegri, K., and Mailhot, G.: Cloud chemistry at the puy de Dôme: variability and relationships with environmental factors, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 715–728, 2004.; Mason, R. P. and Sanders, J. K.: In vivo enzymology: a deuterium NMR study of form

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Comment on Comparisons with Analytical S... (by )
  • Identification and Quantification of Org... (by )
  • Dimensions and Aspect Ratios of Natural ... (by )
  • Evaluating Local Anthropogenic Impact on... (by )
  • Efficiency of Immersion Mode Ice Nucleat... (by )
  • Inverse Modeling of European Ch4 Emissio... (by )
  • Trace Gas Fluxes of Co2, Ch4 and N2O in ... (by )
  • A Synthesis of Atmospheric Mercury Deple... (by )
  • Circumpolar Measurements of Speciated Me... (by )
  • Observations of Elevated Formaldehyde Ov... (by )
  • The Structure of the Haze Plume Over the... (by )
  • The Impact of Volcanic Aerosol on the No... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.