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Microwave Single-scattering Properties of Randomly Oriented Soft-ice Hydrometeors : Volume 17, Issue 17 (14/11/2008)

By Casella, D.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003998767
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 7
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Microwave Single-scattering Properties of Randomly Oriented Soft-ice Hydrometeors : Volume 17, Issue 17 (14/11/2008)  
Author: Casella, D.
Volume: Vol. 17, Issue 17
Language: English
Subject: Science, Advances, Geosciences
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2008
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Formenton, M., Sanò, P., Casella, D., & Mugnai, A. (2008). Microwave Single-scattering Properties of Randomly Oriented Soft-ice Hydrometeors : Volume 17, Issue 17 (14/11/2008). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Roma, Italy. Large ice hydrometeors are usually present in intense convective clouds and may significantly affect the upwelling radiances that are measured by satellite-borne microwave radiometers – especially, at millimeter-wavelength frequencies. Thus, interpretation of these measurements (e.g., for precipitation retrieval) requires knowledge of the single scattering properties of ice particles. On the other hand, shape and internal structure of these particles (especially, the larger ones) is very complex and variable, and therefore it is necessary to resort to simplifying assumptions in order to compute their single-scattering parameters.

In this study, we use the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) to compute the absorption and scattering efficiencies and the asymmetry factor of two kinds of quasi-spherical and non-homogeneous soft-ice particles in the frequency range 50–183 GHz. Particles of the first kind are modeled as quasi-spherical ice particles having randomly distributed spherical air inclusions. Particles of the second kind are modeled as random aggregates of ice spheres having random radii. In both cases, particle densities and dimensions are coherent with the snow hydrometeor category that is utilized by the University of Wisconsin – Non-hydrostatic Modeling System (UW-NMS) cloud-mesoscale model. Then, we compare our single-scattering results for randomly-oriented soft-ice hydrometeors with corresponding ones that make use of: a) effective-medium equivalent spheres, b) solid-ice equivalent spheres, and c) randomly-oriented aggregates of ice cylinders. Finally, we extend to our particles the scattering formulas that have been developed by other authors for randomly-oriented aggregates of ice cylinders.


Summary
Microwave single-scattering properties of randomly oriented soft-ice hydrometeors

Excerpt
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