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Diurnal Variation in Gravity Wave Activity at Low and Middle Latitudes : Volume 31, Issue 11 (29/11/2013)

By Andrioli, V. F.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004002297
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 13
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Diurnal Variation in Gravity Wave Activity at Low and Middle Latitudes : Volume 31, Issue 11 (29/11/2013)  
Author: Andrioli, V. F.
Volume: Vol. 31, Issue 11
Language: English
Subject: Science, Annales, Geophysicae
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Clemesha, B. R., Batista, P. P., Andrioli, V. F., Fritts, D. C., & Janches, D. (2013). Diurnal Variation in Gravity Wave Activity at Low and Middle Latitudes : Volume 31, Issue 11 (29/11/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais – INPE, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil. We employ a modified composite day extension of the Hocking (2005) analysis method to study gravity wave (GW) activity in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere using 4 meteor radars spanning latitudes from 7° S to 53.6° S. Diurnal and semidiurnal modulations were observed in GW variances over all sites. Semidiurnal modulation with downward phase propagation was observed at lower latitudes mainly near the equinoxes. Diurnal modulations occur mainly near solstice and, except for the zonal component at Cariri (7° S), do not exhibit downward phase propagation. At a higher latitude (SAAMER, 53.6° S) these modulations are only observed in the meridional component where we can observe diurnal variation from March to May, and semidiurnal, during January, February, October (above 88 km) and November. Some of these modulations with downward phase progression correlate well with wind shear. When the wind shear is well correlated with the maximum of the variances the diurnal tide has its largest amplitudes, i.e., near equinox. Correlations exhibiting variations with tidal phases suggest significant GW-tidal interactions that have different characters depending on the tidal components and possible mean wind shears. Modulations that do not exhibit phase variations could be indicative of diurnal variations in GW sources.

Diurnal variation in gravity wave activity at low and middle latitudes

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