World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Biogeochemical Origins of Particles Obtained from the Inversion of the Volume Scattering Function and Spectral Absorption in Coastal Waters : Volume 10, Issue 9 (13/09/2013)

By Zhang, X.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004003210
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 15
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Biogeochemical Origins of Particles Obtained from the Inversion of the Volume Scattering Function and Spectral Absorption in Coastal Waters : Volume 10, Issue 9 (13/09/2013)  
Author: Zhang, X.
Volume: Vol. 10, Issue 9
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany


APA MLA Chicago

Huot, Y., Weidemann, A., Gray, D. J., Rhea, W. J., & Zhang, X. (2013). Biogeochemical Origins of Particles Obtained from the Inversion of the Volume Scattering Function and Spectral Absorption in Coastal Waters : Volume 10, Issue 9 (13/09/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Earth System Science and Policy, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58202, USA. In the aquatic environment, particles can be broadly separated into phytoplankton (PHY), non-algal particle (NAP) and dissolved (or very small particle, VSP) fractions. Typically, absorption spectra are inverted to quantify these fractions, but volume scattering functions (VSFs) can also be used. Both absorption spectra and VSFs were used to estimate particle fractions for an experiment in the Chesapeake Bay. A complete set of water inherent optical properties was measured using a suite of commercial instruments and a prototype Multispectral Volume Scattering Meter (MVSM); the chlorophyll concentration, [Chl] was determined using the HPLC method. The total scattering coefficient measured by an ac-s and the VSF at a few backward angles measured by a HydroScat-6 and an ECO-VSF agreed with the LISST and MVSM data within 5%, thus indicating inter-instrument consistency. The size distribution and scattering parameters for PHY, NAP and VSP were inverted from measured VSFs. For the absorption inversion, the dissolved absorption spectra were measured for filtrate passing through a 0.2 μm filter, whereas [Chl] and NAP absorption spectra were inverted from the particulate fraction. Even though the total scattering coefficient showed no correlation with [Chl], estimates of [Chl] from the VSF-inversion agreed well with the HPLC measurements (r = 0.68, mean relative errors = −20%). The scattering associated with NAP and VSP both correlated well with the NAP and dissolved absorption coefficients, respectively. While NAP dominated forward, and hence total, scattering, our results also suggest that the scattering by VSP was far from negligible and dominated backscattering. Since the sizes of VSP range from 0.02 to 0.2 μm, covering (a portion of) the operationally defined dissolved matter, the typical assumption that colored dissolved organic matter (i.e., CDOM) does not scatter may not hold, particularly in a coastal or estuarine environment.

Biogeochemical origins of particles obtained from the inversion of the volume scattering function and spectral absorption in coastal waters

Babin, M., Stramski, D., Ferrari, G. M., Claustre, H., Bricaud, A., Obolensky, G., and Hoepffner, N.: Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 3211, doi:10.1029/2001JC000882, 2003.; Berthon, J.-F., Shybanov, E., Lee, M. E. G., and Zibordi, G.: Measurements and modeling of the volume scattering function in the coastal northern Adriatic Sea, Appl. Optics, 46, 5189–5203, 2007.; Bi, L., Yang, P., Kattawar, G. W., and Kahn, R.: Modeling optical properties of mineral aerosol particles by using nonsymmetric hexahedra, Appl. Optics, 49, 334–342, 2010.; Chang, G. and Whitmire, A. L.: Effects of bulk particle characteristics on backscattering and optical closure, Opt. Express, 17, 2132–2142, 2009.; Bogucki, D. J., Domaradzki, J. A., Stramski, D., and Zaneveld, J. R. V.: Comparison of near-forward light scattering on oceanic turbulence and particles, Appl. Optics, 37, 4669–4677, 1998.; Boss, E., Pegau, W. S., Gardner, W. D., Zaneveld, J. R. V., Barnard, A. H., Twardowski, M. S., Chang, G. C., and Dickey, T. D.: Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 9509–9516, doi:10.1029/2000jc900077, 2001.; Boss, E., Pegau, W. S., Lee, M., Twardowski, M., Shybanov, E., and Korotaev, G.: Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C01014, doi:10.1029/2002JC001514, 2004.; Boss, E., Collier, R., Larson, G., Fennel, K., and Pegau, W. S.: Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR, Hydrobiologia, 574, 149–159, 2007.; Boss, E., Slade, W. H., Behrenfeld, M., and Dall'Olmo, G.: Acceptance angle effects on the beam attenuation in the ocean, Opt. Express, 17, 1535–1550, 2009.; Bricaud, A., Morel, A., and Prieur, L.: Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters, Limnol. Oceanogr., 28, 816–832, 1983.; Bricaud, A., Bédhomme, A.-L., and Morel, A.: Optical properties of diverse phytoplanktonic species: experimental results and theoretical interpretation, J. Plankton Res., 10, 851–873, 1988.; Bricaud, A., Morel, A., Babin, M., Allali, K., and Claustre, H.: Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implication for bio-optical models, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 31033–31044, 1998.; Campbell, J. W.: The lognormal distribution as a model for bio-optical variability in the sea, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 13237–13254, 1995.; Carder, K., Betzer, P., and Eggimann, D.: Physical, Chemical, and Optical Measures of Suspended-Particle Concentrations: Their Intercomparison and Application to the West African Shelf, in: Suspended Solids in Water, edited by: Gibbs, R., Marine Science, Springer US, 173–193, 1974.; Chami, M., Shybanov, E. B., Churilova, T. Y., Khomenko, G. A., Lee, M. E. G., Martynov, O. V., Berseneva, G. A., and Korotaev, G. K.: Optical properties of the particles in the Crimea coastal waters (Black Sea), J. Geophys. Res., 110, C11020, doi:10.1029/2005jc003008, 2005.; Chami, M., Shybanov, E. B., Khomenko, G. A., Lee, M. E.-G., Martynov, O. V., and Korotaev, G. K.: Spectral variation of the volume scattering function measured over the full range of scattering angles in a coastal environment, Appl. Optics, 45, 3605–3619, 2006.; Chavez, F. P., Buck, K. R., Bidigare, R. R., Karl, D. M., Hebel, D., Latasa, M., Campbell, L., and Newton, J.: On the chlorophyll a retention properties of glass-fibe


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Inorganic Carbon Dynamics of Melt Pond-c... (by )
  • Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of ... Volume: v. 8-11 1938-44 (by )
  • A Robust Method for Removal of Glint Eff... (by )
  • Bulletin - New York State Museum Volume: no. 111 1907 (by )
  • The Importance of Riparian Zones on Stre... (by )
  • Bioerosion by Microbial Euendoliths in B... (by )
  • Density and Absolute Salinity of the Bal... (by )
  • Long Term Changes in the Ecosystem in th... (by )
  • The Philippine Journal of Science (by )
  • Stability and Forcing of the Iceland-far... (by )
  • Diagenesis and Benthic Fluxes of Nutrien... (by )
  • Linking Agricultural Crop Management and... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.