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Dissolved Greenhouse Gases (Nitrous Oxide and Methane) Associated with the Natural Iron-fertilized Kerguelen Region (Keops 2 Cruise) in the Southern Ocean : Volume 11, Issue 8 (20/08/2014)

By Farías, L.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004004665
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 39
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Dissolved Greenhouse Gases (Nitrous Oxide and Methane) Associated with the Natural Iron-fertilized Kerguelen Region (Keops 2 Cruise) in the Southern Ocean : Volume 11, Issue 8 (20/08/2014)  
Author: Farías, L.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 8
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Besoain, V., Fernández, C., Florez-Leiva, L., & Farías, L. (2014). Dissolved Greenhouse Gases (Nitrous Oxide and Methane) Associated with the Natural Iron-fertilized Kerguelen Region (Keops 2 Cruise) in the Southern Ocean : Volume 11, Issue 8 (20/08/2014). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Departamento de Oceanografía. Universidad of Concepción and Centro de Ciencia del Clima y la Resiliencia (CR)2, Chile. The concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) like nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) were measured in the Kerguelen Plateau Region (KPR), an area with annual microalgal bloom caused by natural Fe fertilization, which may stimulate microbes involved in GHG cycling. This study was carried out during the KEOPS 2 cruise during the austral spring of 2011. Two transects were sampled along and across the KRP, the north–south (N–S) transect (46–51° S, 72° E meridian) and the west–east (W–E) transect (66–75° E, 48.3° S latitude), both associated with the presence of a plateau, polar fronts and other mesoscale features. The W–E transect had N2O levels ranging from equilibrium (105%) to light supersaturation (120%) with respect to the atmosphere. CH4 levels fluctuated dramatically, with intense supersaturations (120–970%) in areas close to the coastal waters of Kerguelen Island and in the polar front (PF). There, Fe and nutrient fertilization seem to promote high total chlorophyll a (TChl a) levels. The distribution of both gases was more homogenous in the N–S transect, but CH4 peaked at southeastern stations of the KPR (A3 stations), where phytoplankton bloom was observed. Both gases responded significantly to the patchy distribution of particulate matter as Chl a, stimulated by Fe supply by complex mesoscale circulation. While CH4 appears to be produced mainly at the pycnoclines, N2O seems to be consumed superficially. Air–sea fluxes for N2O (from −10.5 to 8.65, mean 1.71 Μmol m−2d−1), and for CH4 (from 0.32 to 38.1, mean 10.07 Μmol m−2d−1) reflected sink and source behavior for N2O and source behavior for CH4, with considerable variability associated with a highly fluctuating wind regime and, in the case of CH4, due to its high superficial levels that had not been reported before in the Southern Ocean and may be caused by an intense microbial CH4 cycling.

Summary
Dissolved greenhouse gases (nitrous oxide and methane) associated with the natural iron-fertilized Kerguelen region (KEOPS 2 cruise) in the Southern Ocean

Excerpt
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