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Agricultural Induced Impacts on Soil Carbon Cycling and Sequestration in a Seasonally Saturated Wetland : Volume 8, Issue 3 (29/06/2011)

By Maynard, J. J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004005903
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 45
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Agricultural Induced Impacts on Soil Carbon Cycling and Sequestration in a Seasonally Saturated Wetland : Volume 8, Issue 3 (29/06/2011)  
Author: Maynard, J. J.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Dahlgren, R. A., O'geen, A. T., & Maynard, J. J. (2011). Agricultural Induced Impacts on Soil Carbon Cycling and Sequestration in a Seasonally Saturated Wetland : Volume 8, Issue 3 (29/06/2011). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. The fate of organic carbon (C) lost by erosion is not well understood in agricultural settings. Recent models suggest that wetlands and other small water bodies may serve as important long-term sinks of eroded C, receiving ~30 % of all eroded material in the US. To better understand the role of seasonally-saturated wetlands in sequestering eroded C, we examined the spatial and temporal dynamics of C and sediment accumulation in a 13-yr-old constructed wetland used to treat agricultural runoff. The fate of C sequestered within deposited sediment was modeled using point-sampling, remote sensing, and geostatistics. Using a spatially-explicit sampling design, annual net rates of sedimentation and above ground biomass were measured during two contrasting years (vegetated, 2004 vs. non-vegetated, 2005), followed by collection of sediment cores to the antecedent soil layer, representing 13 yr of sediment and C accumulation. We documented high annual variation in the relative contribution of endogenous and exogenous C sources, as well as absolute rates of sediment and C deposition. This annual variation, however, was muted in the long-term (13-yr) sediment record, which showed consistent vertical patterns of uniform C distribution (~14 g kg−1) and Δ13C signatures in high depositional environments. This was in contrast to low depositional environments which had high levels of surface C enrichment (20–35 g kg−1) underlain by C depleted (5–10 g kg−1) sediments and an increasing Δ13C signature with depth indicating increasing decomposition. These results highlight the importance of sedimentation in physically protecting soil organic carbon and its role in controlling the long-term C concentration of seasonally-saturated wetland soils. While significant enrichment of surface sediments with endogenous C occurred in newly deposited sediment (i.e., 125 kg m2 in 2004), fluctuating cycles of flooding and drying maintained the long-term C concentration at the same level as inflowing sediment (i.e., 14 g kg−1), indicating no additional long-term storage of endogenous C. These results demonstrate that constructed flow-through wetlands can serve as important sinks for eroded C and sediment in agricultural landscapes, however, additional C sequestration via enrichment from endogenous sources may be limited in seasonally-saturated wetlands due to rapid decomposition during drying cycles.

Summary
Agricultural induced impacts on soil carbon cycling and sequestration in a seasonally saturated wetland

Excerpt
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