World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Tree Ring Effects and Ice Core Acidities Clarify the Volcanic Record of the 1St Millennium : Volume 10, Issue 2 (15/04/2014)

By Baillie, M. G. L.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004006676
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 22
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Tree Ring Effects and Ice Core Acidities Clarify the Volcanic Record of the 1St Millennium : Volume 10, Issue 2 (15/04/2014)  
Author: Baillie, M. G. L.
Volume: Vol. 10, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Climate, Past
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Mcaneney, J., & L. Bailli, M. G. (2014). Tree Ring Effects and Ice Core Acidities Clarify the Volcanic Record of the 1St Millennium : Volume 10, Issue 2 (15/04/2014). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Elmwood Avenue, Queen's University, Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland, UK. Various attempts have been made to link tree-ring and ice-core records, something vital for the understanding of the environmental response to major volcanic eruptions in the past. Here we demonstrate that, by taking note of the spacing between events, it is possible to clarify linkages between tree-response, as witnessed by frost rings in bristlecone pines from Western North America and volcanic acid deposition in ice cores. The results demonstrate that in the 6th and 7th centuries of the current era, and presumably for all earlier dates, the key European ice chronologies from the North Greenland Ice Core Project, namely Dye3, GRIP, NGRIP and NEEM appear to have been wrongly dated by 7 years, with the ice dates being too old. Similar offsets are observed for the Antarctic Law Dome and West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide WDC06A ice-core chronologies that have been linked to the Greenland record. Importantly, the results clarify which frost rings in bristlecone pines are related to volcanic activity and which may be the result of other causes. In addition, it is possible to show that ice core researchers have used inappropriate linkages to tree effects to justify their chronology.

Summary
Tree ring effects and ice core acidities clarify the volcanic record of the 1st millennium

Excerpt
Baillie, M. G. L.: Dendrochronology raises questions about the nature of the AD 536 dust-veil event, Holocene, 4, 212–217, 1994.; Baillie, M. G. L.: Proposed re-dating of the European ice core chronology by seven years prior to the 7th century AD, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15813, doi:10.1029/2008GL034755, 2008.; Baillie, M. G. L.: Volcanoes, ice-cores and tree-rings: one story or two?, Antiquity, 84, 202–215, 2010.; Barbante, C., Kehrwald, N. M., Marianelli, P., Vinther, B. M., Steffensen, J. P., Cozzi, G., Hammer, C. U., Clausen, H. B., and Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L.: Greenland ice core evidence of the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption, Clim. Past, 9, 1221–1232, doi:10.5194/cp-9-1221-2013, 2013.; Barras, C.: AD 536: the year that winter never ended, New Sci., 221, 34–38, doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(14)60137-8, 2014.; Boninsegna, J. A. and Holme, R. L.: Fitzroya cupressoides yields 1534-year long South American chronology, Tree-Ring Bulletin, 45, 37–42, 1985.; Briffa, K. R., Jones, P. D., Schweingruber, F. H., and Osborn, T. J.: Influence of volcanic eruptions on Northern Hemisphere summer temperature over the past 600 years, Nature, 393, 450–455, 1998.; Clausen, H. B., Hammer, C. U., Hvidberg, C. S., Dahl-Jensen, D., Steffensen, J. P., Kipfstuhl, J., and Legrand, M.: A comparison of the volcanic records over the past 4000 years from the Greenland Ice Core Project and Dye 3 Greenland ice cores, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26707–26723, 1997.; D'Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., and Anchukaitis, K. J.: Volcanic cooling signal in tree ring temperature records for the past millennium, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 9000–9010, 2013.; Ferris, D. G., Cole-Dai, J., Reyes, A. R., and Budner, D. M.: South Pole ice core record of explosive volcanic eruptions in the first and second millennia A.D., and evidence of a large eruption in the tropics around 535 A.D., J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17308, doi:10.1029/2011JD015916, 2011.; Hammer, C. U.: Traces of Icelandic eruptions in the Greenland Ice Sheet, Jökull, 34, 51–65, 1984.; Hammer, C. U., Clausen, H. B., and Dansgaard, W.: Greenland ice sheet evidence of post-glacial volcanism and its climatic impact, Nature, 288, 230–235, 1980.; Herron, M. M.: Impurity sources of \chemF^-, \chemCl^-, \chemNO^-_3 and \chemSO^{2-_4} in Greenland and Antarctic precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 3052–3060, 1982.; Jones, P. D., Melvin, T. M., Harpham, C., Grudd, H., and Helama, S.: Cool North European summers and possible links to explosive volcanic eruptions, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6259–6265, 2013.; LaMarche, V. C. and Hirschboeck, K. K.: Frost rings in trees as records of major volcanic eruptions, Nature, 307, 121–126, 1984.; Larsen, L. B., Vinther, B. M., Briffa, K. R., Melvin, T. M., Clausen, H. B., Jones, P. D., Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L., Hammer, C. U., Eronen, M., Grudd, H., Gunnarson, B. E., Hantemirov, R. M., Naurzbaev, M. M., and Nicolussi, K.: New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A. D. 536 dust veil, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L04708, doi:10.1029/2007GL032450, 2008.; Lavigne, F., Degeai, J.-P., Komorowski, J.-C., Guillet, S., Robert, V., Lahitte, P., Oppenheimer, C., Stoffel, M., Céline, M., Vidal, C. M., Surono, Pratomo, I., Wassmer, P., Hajdas, I., Hadmoko, D. S., and de Belizal, E.: Source of the great A.D. 1257 mystery eruption unveiled, Samalas volcano, Rinjani Volcanic Complex, Indonesia, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 16742–16747, 2013.; Mango, C. and Scott, R. (Eds.): The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor: Byzantine and Near Eastern History AD 284–813, Oxford University Press, New York, 1997.; Plummer, C. T., Curran, M. A. J., van Ommen, T D., Rasmussen, S. O., Moy, A. D., Vance, T. R., Clausen

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Early Ship-based Upper-air Data and Comp... (by )
  • Millennial-scale Climatic Variability Be... (by )
  • On-line and Off-line Data Assimilation i... (by )
  • Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (Amo) ... (by )
  • Isotopic and Lithologic Variations of On... (by )
  • The Last 7 Millennia of Vegetation and C... (by )
  • How Cold Was Europe at the Last Glacial ... (by )
  • Past Surface Temperatures at the Northgr... (by )
  • Monitoring of a Fast-growing Speleothem ... (by )
  • A New Approach for Modeling Cenozoic Oce... (by )
  • Drastic Shrinking of the Hadley Circulat... (by )
  • Drilling Disturbance and Constraints on ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.