World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

The Impact of Nitrogen and Phosphorous Limitation on the Estimated Terrestrial Carbon Balance and Warming of Land Use Change Over the Last 156 Yr : Volume 4, Issue 2 (16/09/2013)

By Zhang, Q.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004007202
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 13
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Impact of Nitrogen and Phosphorous Limitation on the Estimated Terrestrial Carbon Balance and Warming of Land Use Change Over the Last 156 Yr : Volume 4, Issue 2 (16/09/2013)  
Author: Zhang, Q.
Volume: Vol. 4, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Earth, System
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2013
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Wang, Y. P., Pitman, A. J., Dai, Y. J., Lawrence, P. J., & Zhang, Q. (2013). The Impact of Nitrogen and Phosphorous Limitation on the Estimated Terrestrial Carbon Balance and Warming of Land Use Change Over the Last 156 Yr : Volume 4, Issue 2 (16/09/2013). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. We examine the impact of land use and land cover change (LULCC) over the period from 1850 to 2005 using an Earth system model that incorporates nitrogen and phosphorous limitation on the terrestrial carbon cycle. We compare the estimated CO2 emissions and warming from land use change in a carbon-only version of the model with those from simulations, including nitrogen and phosphorous limitation. If we omit nutrients, our results suggest LULCC cools on the global average by about 0.1 °C. Including nutrients reduces this cooling to ~ 0.05 °C. Our results also suggest LULCC has a major impact on total land carbon over the period 1850–2005. In carbon-only simulations, the inclusion of LULCC decreases the total additional land carbon stored in 2005 from around 210 Pg C to 85 Pg C. Including nitrogen and phosphorous limitation also decreases the scale of the terrestrial carbon sink to 80 Pg C. Shown as corresponding fluxes, adding LULCC on top of the nutrient-limited simulations changes the sign of the terrestrial carbon flux from a sink to a source (12 Pg C). The CO2 emission from LULCC from 1850 to 2005 is estimated to be 130 Pg C for carbon only simulation, or 97 Pg C if nutrient limitation is accounted for in our model. The difference between these two estimates of CO2 emissions from LULCC largely results from the weaker response of photosynthesis to increased CO2 and smaller carbon pool sizes, and therefore lower carbon loss from plant and wood product carbon pools under nutrient limitation. We suggest that nutrient limitation should be accounted for in simulating the effects of LULCC on the past climate and on the past and future carbon budget.

Summary
The impact of nitrogen and phosphorous limitation on the estimated terrestrial carbon balance and warming of land use change over the last 156 yr

Excerpt
Abramowitz, G., Pitman, A. J., Gupta, H., Kowalczyk, E., and Wang, Y.: Systematic bias in land surface models, J. Hydrometeorol., 8, 989–1001, doi:10.1175/JHM628.1, 2007.; Abramowitz, G., Leuning, R., Clark, M., and Pitman, A. J.: Evaluating the performance of land surface models, J. Climate, 21, 5468–5481, 2008.; Andres, R. J., Gregg, J. S., Losey, L., Marland, G., and Boden, T. A.: Monthly, global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel consumption, Tellus B, 63, 309–327, 2011.; Arneth, A., Harrison, S. P., Zaehle, S., Tsigaridis, K., Menon, S., Bartlein, P. J., Feichter, J., Korhola, A., Kulmala, M., O'Donnell, D., Schurgers, G., Sorvari, S., and Vesala T.: Terrestrial biogeochemical feedbacks in the climate system, Nat. Geosci., 3, 525–532, doi:10.1038/ngeo905, 2010.; Arora, V. and Boer, G. J.: Uncertainties in the 20th century carbon budget associated with land use change, Glob. Change Biol., 16, 3327–3348, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02202.x, 2010.; Avila, F. B., Pitman, A. J., Donat, M., Alexander, L., and Abramowitz G.: Climate model simulated changes in temperature extremes due to land cover change, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D04108, doi:10.1029/2011JD016382, 2012.; Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Wickett, M., Phillips, T. J., Lobell, D. B., Delire, C., and Mirin, A.: Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 106, 6550–6555, doi:10.1073/pnas.0608998104, 2007.; Boisier, J. P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Pitman, A. J., Cruz, F., Delire, C., van den Hurk, B. J. J. M., van der Molen, M. K., Müller, C., and Voldoire, A.: Attributing the biogeophysical impacts of Land-Use induced Land-Cover Changes on surface climate to specific causes. Results from the first LUCID set of simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D12116, doi:10.1029/2011JD017106, 2012.; Bonan, G. B.: Effects of land use on the climate of the United States, Climatic Change, 37, 449–486, 1997.; Bonan, G. B.: Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits from the forests, Science, 320, 1444–1449, doi:10.1126/science.1155121, 2008.; Brovkin, V., Sitch, S., von Bloh, W., Claussen, M., Bauer, E., and Cramer, W.: Role of land cover changes for atmospheric CO2 increase and climate change during the last 150 years, Glob. Change Biol., 10, 1253–1266, 2004.; Canadell, J. G., Le Quéré, C., Raupach, M. R., Field, C., Buitenhuis, E. T., Ciais, P., Conway, T. J., Gillett, N. P., Houghton, R. A., and Marland, G.: Contributions to accelerating atmospheric CO2 growth from economic activity, carbon intensity, and efficiency of natural sinks, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 18866–18870, doi:10.1073/pnas.0702737104, 2007.; Davin, E. L. and de Noblet-Ducoudré, N.: Climatic impact of global-scale deforestation: Radiative versus nonradiative processes, J. Climate, 23, 97–112, 2010.; de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Boisier, J. P., Pitman, A. J., Bonan, G. B., Brovkin, V., Cruz, F., Delire, C., Gayler, V., van den Hurk, B. J. J. M., Lawrence, P. J., van der Molen, M. K., Müller, C., Reick, C. H., Strengers, B. J., and Voldoire, A.: Determining robust impacts of land-use induced land-cover changes on surface climate over North America and Eurasia: Results from the first set of LUCID experiments, J. Climate, 25, 3261–3281, 2012.; Denman, K. L., Brasseur, G., Chidthaisong, A., Ciais, P., Cox, P. M., Dickinson, R. E., Hauglustaine, D.

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Socio-environmental Cooperation and Conf... (by )
  • Obspack: a Framework for the Preparation... (by )
  • Epoca/Eur-oceans Data-mining Compilation... (by )
  • The Gpcc Drought Index – a New, Combined... (by )
  • Excitation of Equatorial Kelvin and Yana... (by )
  • Observations of the Altitude of the Volc... (by )
  • The Impact of Land Cover Generated by a ... (by )
  • Trend of Standardized Precipitation Inde... (by )
  • Entropy Production and Multiple Equilibr... (by )
  • The Role of the North Atlantic Overturni... (by )
  • Metrics for Linking Emissions of Gases a... (by )
  • A Vertically Resolved, Global, Gap-free ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.