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Gpcc Drought Index – a New, Combined, and Gridded Global Drought Index : Volume 7, Issue 1 (29/04/2014)

By Ziese, M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004007690
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 28
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Gpcc Drought Index – a New, Combined, and Gridded Global Drought Index : Volume 7, Issue 1 (29/04/2014)  
Author: Ziese, M.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Earth, System
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Schamm, K., Meyer-Christoffer, A., Schneider, U., Vido, J., Bissolli, P., Becker, A.,...Finger, P. (2014). Gpcc Drought Index – a New, Combined, and Gridded Global Drought Index : Volume 7, Issue 1 (29/04/2014). Retrieved from

Description: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Global Precipitation Climatology Centre, 63067 Offenbach/M., Germany. The Global Precipitation Climatology Centre Drought Index (GPCC-DI) provides estimations of precipitation anomalies with respect to long term statistics. It is a combination of the Standardized Precipitation Index with adaptations from Deutscher Wetterdienst (SPI-DWD) and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). Precipitation data were taken from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) and temperature data from NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC). The GPCC-DI is available with several averaging periods of 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 48 months for different applications. Since spring 2013, the GPCC-DI is calculated operationally and available back to January 2013. Typically it is released at the 10th day of the following month, depending on the availability of the input data. It is calculated on a~regular grid with 1° spatial resolution. All averaging periods are integrated into one netCDF-file for each month. This dataset can be referenced by the DOI:10.5676/DWD_GPCC/DI_M_100 and is available free of charge from the GPCC website

GPCC Drought Index – a new, combined, and gridded global drought index

NetCDF Overview, available at:, last access: 25 March 2014.; Anderson, M. C., Hain, C., Wardlow, B., Pimstein, A., Mecikalski, J. R., and Kustas, W. P.: Evaluation of Drought Indices based on thermal remote sensing of evapotranspiration over the Continental United States, J. Climate, 24, 2025–2044, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3812.1, 2010.; Becker, A., Finger, P., Meyer-Christoffer, A., Rudolf, B., Schamm, K., Schneider, U., and Ziese, M.: A description of the global land-surface precipitation data products of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre with sample applications including centennial (trend) analysis from 1901–present, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 71–99, doi:10.5194/essd-5-71-2013, 2013.; Fan, Y. and van den Dool, H.: A global monthly land surface air temperature analysis for 1948–present, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D01103, doi:10.1029/2007JD008470, 2008.; Heim, R. R.: A review of twentieth-century Drought Indices used in the United States, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 1149–1165, 2.3.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2002)083<1149:AROTDI>2.3.CO;2, 2002.; Jones, P. and Harris, I.: University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU), CRU TS3.20: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Time-Series (TS) Version 3.20 of High Resolution Gridded Data of Month-by-Month Variation in Climate (January 1901–December 2011), available at:, last access: 1 November 2013.; Lawrimore, J., Heim, R. R., Svoboda, M., Swail, V., and Englehart, P. J.: Beginning a new era of drought monitoring across North America, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 1191–1192, 2.3.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2002)083<1191:BANEOD>2.3.CO;2, 2002.; Lloyd-Hughes, B. and Saunders, M. A.: A drought climatology for Europe, Int. J. Climatol., 22, 1571–1592, doi:10.1002/joc.846, 2002.; McKee, T., Doesken, N., and Kleist, J.: The Relationship of Drought Frequency and Duration to Time Scales, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, available at: (last access: 11 May 2012), 1993.; Palmer, W. C.: Meteorological Drought, Research paper no. 45, available at: (last access: 14 February 2012), 1965.; Peterson, T. C. and Vose, R. S.: An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Temperature Database, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837–2849, 2.0.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<2837:AOOTGH>2.0.CO;2, 1997.; Pietzsch, S. and Bissolli, P.: A modified drought index for WMO RA VI, Adv. Sci. Res., 6, 275–279, doi:10.5194/asr-6-275-2011, 2011.; Ropelewski, C. F., Janowiak, J. E., and Halpert, M. S.: The Climate Anomaly Monitoring System (CAMS), Climate Analysis Center, NWS, NOAA, 1984.; Schneider, U., Becker, A., Finger, P., Meyer-Christoffer, A., Rudolf, B., and Ziese, M.: GPCC Full Data Reanalysis Version 6.0 at 1.0°: Monthly Land-Surface Precipitation from Rain-Gauges built on GTS-based an


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