World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Threshold Effects of Hazard Mitigation in Coastal Human–environmental Systems : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/01/2014)

By Lazarus, E. D.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004007755
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 11
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Threshold Effects of Hazard Mitigation in Coastal Human–environmental Systems : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/01/2014)  
Author: Lazarus, E. D.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Earth, Surface
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Lazarus, E. D. (2014). Threshold Effects of Hazard Mitigation in Coastal Human–environmental Systems : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/01/2014). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Environmental Dynamics Laboratory, Earth Surface Processes Research Group, School of Earth & Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK. Despite improved scientific insight into physical and social dynamics related to natural disasters, the financial cost of extreme events continues to rise. This paradox is particularly evident along developed coastlines, where future hazards are projected to intensify with consequences of climate change, and where the presence of valuable infrastructure exacerbates risk. By design, coastal hazard mitigation buffers human activities against the variability of natural phenomena such as storms. But hazard mitigation also sets up feedbacks between human and natural dynamics. This paper explores developed coastlines as exemplary coupled human–environmental systems in which hazard mitigation is the key coupling mechanism. Results from a simplified numerical model of an agent-managed seawall illustrate the nonlinear effects that economic and physical thresholds can impart into coastal human–environmental system dynamics. The scale of mitigation action affects the time frame over which human activities and natural hazards interact. By accelerating environmental changes observable in some settings over human timescales of years to decades, climate change may temporarily strengthen the coupling between human and environmental dynamics. However, climate change could ultimately result in weaker coupling at those human timescales as mitigation actions increasingly engage global-scale systems.

Summary
Threshold effects of hazard mitigation in coastal human–environmental systems

Excerpt
Abraham, R. H. and Shaw, C. H.: Dynamics, the geometry of behavior: Part 4 – bifurcation behavior, Visual Mathematics Library, Addison-Wesley, 1988.; Anderson, R. S.: Modeling the tor-dotted crests, bedrock edges, and parabolic profiles of high alpine surfaces of the Wind River Range, Wyoming, Geomorphology, 46, 35–58, 2002.; Beisner, B. E., Haydon, D. T., and Cuddington, K.: Alternative stable states in ecology, Front. Ecol. Environ., 1, 376–382, 2003.; British Geological Survey (BGS) coastal erosion summary: http://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/climatechange/environment/coastal/caseStudies.html, last access: September 2013.; Caldeira, K. Bala, G., and Cao, L.: The science of geoengineering, Ann. Rev. Earth Pl. Sc., 41, 231–256, 2013.; Chin, A., Florsheim, J. L., Wohl, E., and Collins, B. D.: Feedbacks in human–landscape systems, Environ. Manage., 53, 28–41, 2013.; Conrad, J. M.: Resource economics (2nd Edn.), Cambridge University Press, 2010.; Cooper, J. A. G. and McKenna, J.: Boom and bust: The influence of macroscale economics on the world's coasts, J. Coast. Res., 25, 533–538, 2009.; Criss, R. E. and Shock, E. L.: Flood enhancement through flood control, Geology, 29, 875–878, 2001.; Dean, R. G. and Dalrymple, R. A.: Coastal processes with engineering applications, Cambridge University Press, 2002.; Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA): Productive Seas – Coastal Defense: http://chartingprogress.defra.gov.uk/coastal-defence, last access: September 2013.; Ells, K. and Murray, A. B.: Long-term, non-local coastline responses to local shoreline stabilization, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19401, doi:10.1029/2012GL052627, 2012.; Emanuel, K: Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years, Nature, 436, 686–688, 2005.; Fisher, C. T., Pollard, H. P., Israde-Alcántara, I., Garduño-Monroy, V. H., and Banerjee, S. K.: A reexamination of human-induced environmental change within the Lake Patzcuaro Basin, Michoacan, Mexico, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100, 4957–4962, 2003.; Guardian (Press Association): Warning of 'significant' flood risk, available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/feedarticle/10330403, 11 July 2012.; Gerritsen, H.: What happened in 1953? The Big Flood in the Netherlands in retrospect, Philo. T. Roy. Soc. A, 363, 1271–1291, 2005.; Gopalakrishnan, S., Smith, M. D., Slott, J. M., and Murray, A. B.: The value of disappearing beaches: a hedonic pricing model with endogenous beach width, J. Environ. Econ. Manag., 61, 297–310, 2011.; Groffman, P. M., Baron, J. S., Blett, T., Gold, A. J., Goodman, I., Gunderson, L. H., Levinson, B. M., Palmer, M. A., Paerl, H. W., Peterson, G. D., Poff, N. L., Rejeski, D. W., Reynolds, J. F., Turner, M. G., Weathers, K. C., and Wiens, J.: Ecological thresholds: the key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application?, Ecosystems, 9, 1–13, 2006.; Haff, P. K.: Neogeomorphology, prediction, and the Anthropic Landscape, in: Prediction in Geomorphology, edited by: Wilcock, P. R. and Iverson, R. M., AGU Monograph Series, 135, 15–26, 2003.; Hartman, R.: The harvesting decision when the standing forest has value, Econ. Inq., 14, 52–58, 1976.; Higgins, A.: Lessons for the U.S. from a flood-prone land, The New York Times, A6, 14 November 2012.; Hooke, R. LeB.: On the efficacy of humans as geomorphic agents, GSA Today, 4, 217 pp., 1994.; Hooke, R. LeB.: On the history of humans as geomorphic agents, Geology, 28, 843–846, 2000.; Hundley, N.: Water and the West: the Colorado River compact and the politics of water in the American West, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2009.; Jin, D., Ashton, A. D., and Hoagl

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • A Linear Inversion Method to Infer Exhum... (by )
  • On the Potential for Regolith Control of... (by )
  • Preservation of Terrestrial Organic Carb... (by )
  • Seismic Monitoring of Geomorphic Process... (by )
  • Ancient Pre-glacial Erosion Surfaces Pre... (by )
  • Observations of the Effect of Emergent V... (by )
  • Velocity and Concentration Profiles of S... (by )
  • Re-evaluating Luminescence Burial Doses ... (by )
  • Bedload Transport Controls Bedrock Erosi... (by )
  • Field Investigation of Preferential Fiss... (by )
  • Millennial Erosion Rates Across the Pami... (by )
  • Assessing the Natural Morphological Sens... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.