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The Improvements of the Ships of Opportunity Program in Mfs-tep : Volume 3, Issue 2 (23/05/2007)

By Manzella, G. M. R.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004020322
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 14
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Improvements of the Ships of Opportunity Program in Mfs-tep : Volume 3, Issue 2 (23/05/2007)  
Author: Manzella, G. M. R.
Volume: Vol. 3, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Borghini, M., Reseghetti, F., Velasquez, Z., Murashkovsky, A., Coppini, G., Galli, C.,...Gervais, T. (2007). The Improvements of the Ships of Opportunity Program in Mfs-tep : Volume 3, Issue 2 (23/05/2007). Retrieved from

Description: ENEA CLIM, Forte S.Teresa, Pozzuolo, 19036 Lerici, Italy. The Ships Of Opportunity Program in the Mediterranean Sea was established at the end of 1999, in the framework of the Mediterranean Forecasting System – Pilot Project (MFS-PP). Many improvements have been made in data collection, transmission and management. Calibration of selected XBTs and a comparison of XBTs vs. CTDs during some research cruises have assured the quality of the data. Transmission now allows receiving data in full resolution by using GSM or satellite telecommunication services; management is offering access to high quality data and view services. The effects of technological and methodological improvements in the observing system are assessed in terms of capability to represent the most important circulation features. The improved methodologies have been tested during the Mediterranean Forecasting System – Toward Environmental Prediction (MFS-TEP) – Targeted Operational Period (MFS-TOP), lasting from September 2004 to February 2005. In spite of the short period of measurements, several important aspects of the Mediterranean Sea circulation have been verified, such as eddies and gyres in the various sub-basins, and dense water formation processes in some of them (vertical homogeneous profiles of about 13°C down to ~800 m in the Provençal, and of about 14.9°C down to ~300 m in the Levantine have allowed defining an index of dense water formation).

The improvements of the ships of opportunity program in MFS-TEP

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