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Droughts and Governance Impacts on Water Scarcity: An~analysis in the Brazilian Semi-arid : Volume 369, Issue 369 (11/06/2015)

By Silva, A. C. S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004021217
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 6
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Droughts and Governance Impacts on Water Scarcity: An~analysis in the Brazilian Semi-arid : Volume 369, Issue 369 (11/06/2015)  
Author: Silva, A. C. S.
Volume: Vol. 369, Issue 369
Language: English
Subject: Science, Proceedings, International
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Galvão, C. O., S. Silv, G. N., & S. Silv, A. C. (2015). Droughts and Governance Impacts on Water Scarcity: An~analysis in the Brazilian Semi-arid : Volume 369, Issue 369 (11/06/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande, 58429-900, Brazil. Extreme events are part of climate variability. Dealing with variability is still a challenge that might be increased due to climate change. However, impacts of extreme events are not only dependent on their variability, but also on management and governance. In Brazil, its semi-arid region is vulnerable to extreme events, especially droughts, for centuries. Actually, other Brazilian regions that have been mostly concerned with floods are currently also experiencing droughts. This article evaluates how a combination between climate variability and water governance might affect water scarcity and increase the impacts of extreme events on some regions. For this evaluation, Ostrom's framework for analyzing social-ecological systems (SES) was applied. Ostrom's framework is useful for understanding interactions between resource systems, governance systems and resource users. This study focuses on social-ecological systems located in a drought-prone region of Brazil. Two extreme events were selected, one in 1997–2000, when Brazil's new water policy was very young, and the other one in 2012–2015. The analysis of SES considering Ostrom's principle Clearly defined boundaries showed that deficiencies in water management cause the intensification of drought's impacts for the water users. The reasons are more related to water management and governance problems than to drought event magnitude or climate change. This is a problem that holdup advances in dealing with extreme events.

Summary
Droughts and governance impacts on water scarcity: an~analysis in the Brazilian semi-arid

Excerpt
AESA – Water Agency of the State of Paraiba: Monitoring of reservoir water levels in the State of Paraiba, AESA, Joao Pessoa, Brazil, 2015.; Anderies, J. M., Janssen, M. A., and Ostrom, E.: A framework to analyze the robustness of social-ecological systems from an institutional perspective, Ecol. Soc., 9, 18, 2004.; Dai, A.: Drought under global warming: a review, WIREs Climate Change, 2, 45–65, 2011.; Dietz, T., Ostrom E., and Stern, P. C.: The struggle to govern the commons, Science, 302, 1907–1912, 2003.; Galvão, C. O., Rêgo, J. C., Ribeiro, M. M. R., and Albuquerque, J. P. T.: Sustainability characterization and modelling of water supply management practices, in: Regional Management of Water Resources, edited by: Schumann, A., Acreman, M., Davis, R., Marino, M., Rosbjerg, D., and Jun, X., IAHS Press, IAHS Publ. 268, 81–88, 2001.; Huntjens, P., Lebel, L., Pahl-Wostl, C., Camkin, J., Schulze, L., and Kranz, N.: Institutional design propositions for the governance of adaptation to climate change in the water sector, Global Environ. Chang., 22, 67–81, 2012.; LANDSAT 8: Sensor OLI/TIRS – \\Mosaic LC82150652013280LGN00: USGS EarthExplorer, NASA – USGS, 2013.; Ostrom, E.: Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1990.; Ostrom, E.: Understanding Institutional Diversity, Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA, 2005.; Ostrom, E.: A Diagnostic Approach for Going Beyond Panaceas, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 15181–15187, 2007.; Ostrom, E.: A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems, Science, 325, 419–422, 2009.; Silva, A. C. S.: Institutional analysis of water governance and adaptation to climate variability and change: a case study in the Brazilian semi-arid (1997–2013), PhD dissertation, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil, 2014 (in Portuguese).; Silva, A. C. S., Galvão, C. O., Silva, G. S., and Souza Filho, F. A.: Ostrom's institutional design principles and reservoir management: a study on adaptation to climate variability and change, in: Considering hydrological change in reservoir planning and management, edited by: Schumann A., Belyaev, V., Gargoury, E., Kuczera, G., Mahé, G., and Mallory, S., IAHS Press, IAHS Publ. 362, 101–106, 2013.; Veiga, L. B. E. and Magrini, A.: The Brazilian water resources management policy: fifteen years of success and challenges, Water Resour. Manag., 27, 2287–2302, 2013.

 

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