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Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015)

By Smith, P.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004022343
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 50
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015)  
Author: Smith, P.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Soil, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Scholes, R. J., Rumpel, C., Sobocká, J., Paustian, K., Kuikman, P. J., House, J. I.,...Clark, J. M. (2015). Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Institute of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops and ClimateXChange, University of Aberdeen, 23 St Machar Drive, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK. Soils play a pivotal role in major global biogeochemical cycles (carbon, nutrient and water), while hosting the largest diversity of organisms on land. Because of this, soils deliver fundamental ecosystem services, and management to change a soil process in support of one ecosystem service can either provide co-benefits to other services or can result in trade-offs. In this critical review, we report the state-of-the-art understanding concerning the biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity in soil, and relate these to the provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural ecosystem services which they underpin. We then outline key knowledge gaps and research challenges, before providing recommendations for management activities to support the continued delivery of ecosystem services from soils.

We conclude that although there are knowledge gaps that require further research, enough is known to start improving soils globally. The main challenge is in finding ways to share knowledge with soil managers and policy-makers, so that best-practice management can be implemented. A key element of this knowledge sharing must be in raising awareness of the multiple ecosystem services underpinned by soils, and the natural capital they provide. The International Year of Soils in 2015 presents the perfect opportunity to begin a step-change in how we harness scientific knowledge to bring about more sustainable use of soils for a secure global society.


Summary
Biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity as key drivers of ecosystem services provided by soils

Excerpt
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