World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015)

By Smith, P.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004022343
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 50
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015)  
Author: Smith, P.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Soil, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Scholes, R. J., Rumpel, C., Sobocká, J., Paustian, K., Kuikman, P. J., House, J. I.,...Clark, J. M. (2015). Biogeochemical Cycles and Biodiversity as Key Drivers of Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils : Volume 2, Issue 1 (01/06/2015). Retrieved from

Description: Institute of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops and ClimateXChange, University of Aberdeen, 23 St Machar Drive, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK. Soils play a pivotal role in major global biogeochemical cycles (carbon, nutrient and water), while hosting the largest diversity of organisms on land. Because of this, soils deliver fundamental ecosystem services, and management to change a soil process in support of one ecosystem service can either provide co-benefits to other services or can result in trade-offs. In this critical review, we report the state-of-the-art understanding concerning the biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity in soil, and relate these to the provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural ecosystem services which they underpin. We then outline key knowledge gaps and research challenges, before providing recommendations for management activities to support the continued delivery of ecosystem services from soils.

We conclude that although there are knowledge gaps that require further research, enough is known to start improving soils globally. The main challenge is in finding ways to share knowledge with soil managers and policy-makers, so that best-practice management can be implemented. A key element of this knowledge sharing must be in raising awareness of the multiple ecosystem services underpinned by soils, and the natural capital they provide. The International Year of Soils in 2015 presents the perfect opportunity to begin a step-change in how we harness scientific knowledge to bring about more sustainable use of soils for a secure global society.

Biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity as key drivers of ecosystem services provided by soils

Aerts, R., Wallen, B., and Malmer, N.: Growth-limiting nutrients in sphagnum-dominated bogs subject to low and high atmospheric nitrogen supply, J. Ecol., 80, 131–140, 1992.; Alberti, G., Vicca, S., Inglima, I., Belelli-Marchesini, L., Genesio, L., Miglietta, F., Marjanovic, H., Martinez, C., Matteucci, G., D'Andrea E., Peressotti, A., Petrella, F., Rodeghiero, M., and Cotrufo, M. F.: Soil C:N stoichiometry controls carbon sink partitioning between above-ground tree biomass and soil organic matter in high fertility forests, iForest, 8, 195–206, doi:10.3832/ifor1196-008, 2014.; Allison, S. D. and Martiny, J. B. H.: Resistance, resilience, and redundancy in microbial communities, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 105, 11512–11519, 2008.; Averill, C., Turner, B. L., and Finzi, A. C.: Mycorrhiza-mediated competition between plants and decomposers drives soil carbon storage, Nature, 505, 543–545, 2014.; Baker, J. M., Ochsner, T. E., Venterea, R. T., and Griffis, T. J.: Tillage and soil carbon sequestration – What do we really know?, Agric. Ecosyst. Env., 118, 1–5, 2006.; Ballard, C. E., McIntyre, N., and Wheater, H. S.: Effects of peatland drainage management on peak flows, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2299–2310, doi:10.5194/hess-16-2299-2012, 2012.; Bardgett, R. D., Freeman, C., and Ostle, N. J. Microbial contributions to climate change through carbon cycle feedbacks, ISME J., 2, 805–814, 2008.; Batjes, N. H.: Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world, Eur. J. Soil Sci., 47, 151–163, 1996.; Beniston, J. W., DuPont, S. T., Glover, J. D., Lal, R., and Dungait, J. A. J.: Soil organic carbon dynamics 75 years after land-use change in perennial grassland and annual wheat agricultural systems, Biogeochem., 127, 37–49, 2014.; Bennett, E. M., Carpenter, S. R., and Caraco, N. F.: Human impact on erodable phosphorus and eutrophication: a global perspective, Increasing accumulation of phosphorus in soil threatens rivers, lakes, and coastal oceans with eutrophication, BioSci., 51, 227–234, 2001.; Bird, M. I., Wynn, J. G., Saiz, G., Wurster, C. M., and McBeath, A.: The Pyrogenic Carbon Cycle, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 43, doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-060614-105038, online first, 2015.; Bodelier, P. L. E.: Toward understanding, managing, and protecting microbial ecosystems, Front. Microbiol., 2, 8 pp., doi:10.3389/fmicb.2011.00080, 2011.; Borken, W. and Matzner, E.: Reappraisal of drying and wetting effects on C and N mineralization and fluxes in soils, Glob. Change Biol., 15, 808–824, 2008.; Brzostek, E. R., Dragoni, D., Brown, Z. A., and Phillips, R. P.: Mycorrhizal type determines the magnitude and direction of root-induced changes in decomposition in a temperate forest, New Phytol., 206, 1274–1282, doi:10.1111/nph.13303, 2015.; Butman D. E., Wilson, H. F., Barnes, R. T., Xenopoulos, M. A., and Raymond, P. A.: Increased mobilization of aged carbon to rivers by human disturbance, Nat. Geosci., 8, 112–116, 2014.; Buurman, P., Bartoli, F., Basile, A., Füleky, G., Garcia Rodeja, E., Hernandez Moreno, J., and Madeira, M.: The physico-chemical database, in: Soils of Volcanic Regions in Europe, 271–287, 2007.; Carlton, R., Berry, P., and Smith, P.: Impact of crop yield reduction on GHG emissions from compensatory cultivation of pasture and forested land, Int. J. Agric. Sust., 8, 164–175, 2010.; Certini, G.: Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review, Oecologia, 143, 1–10, 2005.; Carlton, R., West, J., Smith, P.m and Fitt, B.: A comparison of GHG emissions from UK field crop production under selected arable systems with reference to disease control, Eur. J. Plant Path., 133, 333–351, 2012.; Carpenter


Click To View

Additional Books

  • A Call for International Soil Experiment... (by )
  • Analysis and Definition of Potential New... (by )
  • Viticulture Microzoning: a Functional Ap... (by )
  • Local Versus Field Scale Soil Heterogene... (by )
  • From Soil in Art Towards Soil Art : Volu... (by )
  • Eddy Covariance for Quantifying Trace Ga... (by )
  • Development of a Statistical Tool for th... (by )
  • Sediment Loss and Its Causes in Puerto R... (by )
  • Influence of Long-term Mineral Fertiliza... (by )
  • Global Distribution of Soil Organic Carb... (by )
  • Depth Distribution of Radiocesium in Fuk... (by )
  • Integrated Soil Fertility Management in ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.