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Soil Biochemical Properties After Six Years in Amended Brown and Gray Mine Soils in West Virginia : Volume 2, Issue 1 (23/06/2015)

By Thomas, C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004022348
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 25
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Soil Biochemical Properties After Six Years in Amended Brown and Gray Mine Soils in West Virginia : Volume 2, Issue 1 (23/06/2015)  
Author: Thomas, C.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Soil, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Thomas, C., Sexstone, A., & Skousen, J. (2015). Soil Biochemical Properties After Six Years in Amended Brown and Gray Mine Soils in West Virginia : Volume 2, Issue 1 (23/06/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: USGS, Forest and Rangeland Ecological Research Center, Boise, ID 83706, USA. Surface coal mining in the eastern USA disturbs hundreds of hectares of land every year and removes valuable and ecologically diverse eastern deciduous forests. Reclamation involves restoring the landscape to approximate original contour, replacing the topsoil, and revegetating the site with trees and herbaceous species to a designated post-mining land use. Re-establishing an ecosystem of ecological and economic value as well as restoring soil quality on disturbed sites are the goals of land reclamation, and microbial properties of mine soils can be indicators of restoration success. Reforestation plots were constructed in 2007 using weathered brown sandstone or unweathered gray sandstone as topsoil substitutes to evaluate tree growth and soil properties at Arch Coal's Birch River Mine in West Virginia, USA. All plots were planted with 12 hardwood tree species and subplots were hydroseeded with an herbaceous seed mix and fertilizer. After six years, average tree volume index was nearly ten times greater for trees grown in brown (3853 cm3) compared to gray mine soils (407 cm3). Average pH of brown mine soils increased from 4.7 to 5.0, while gray mine soils declined from 7.9 to 7.0. Hydroseeding doubled tree volume index and ground cover on both mine soils. Hydroseeding doubled microbial biomass carbon (MBC) on brown mine soils (8.7 vs. 17.5 mg kg−1), but showed no effect on gray (13.3 vs. 12.8 mg kg−1). Hydroseeding also increased the ratio of MBC to soil organic C in both soils and more than tripled the ratio for potentially mineralizable nitrogen (PMN) to total N. Brown mine soils were a better growth medium than gray mine soils and hydroseeding was an important component of reclamation due to improved biochemical properties and microbial activity in mine soils.

Summary
Soil biochemical properties after six years in amended brown and gray mine soils in West Virginia

Excerpt
Akala, V. and Lal, R.: Soil organic carbon pools and sequestration rates in reclaimed minesoils in Ohio, J. Environ. Qual., 30, 2098–2104, 2001.; Anderson, J. and Domsch, K.: Ratios of microbial biomass carbon to total carbon in arable soils, Soil Biol. Biochem., 21, 471–479, 1989.; Anderson, J., Ingram, L., and Stahl, P. D.: Influence of reclamation management practices on microbial biomass carbon and soil carbon accumulation in semiarid mined lands of Wyoming, App. Soil Ecol., 40, 387–397, 2008.; Angel, P., Barton, C., Warner, R., Agouridis, C., Taylor, T., and Hall, S.: Tree growth, natural regeneration, and hydrologic characteristics of three loose-graded surface mine spoil types in Kentucky, edited by: Barnhisel, R. I., Proceedings, 25th Conference of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Lexington, 28–65, 2008.; Bendfeldt, E., Burger, J., and Daniels, W.: Quality of amended mine soils after sixteen years, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 65, 1736–1744, 2001.; Gildo, A. and Rimmer, D.: Soil respiration on reclaimed coal-mine spoil, Biol. Fert. Soils, 16, 41–44, 1993.; Brevik, E. C., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Pereg, L., Quinton, J. N., Six, J., and Van Oost, K.: The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL, SOIL, 1, 117–129, doi:10.5194/soil-1-117-2015, 2015.; Brooks, P. and Joergensen, R.: Microbial biomass measurements by Fumigation-Extraction, in: Biological methods for assessing soil quality, edited by: Bloem, J., Hopkins, D. W., and Benedetti, A., CABI Publishing, Cambridge, MA, 2006.; Canali, S. and Benedetti, A.: Soil nitrogen mineralization, in: Biological methods for assessing soil quality, edited by: Bloem, J., Hopkins, D. W., and Benedetti, A., CABI Publishing, Cambridge, MA, 2006.; Chatterjee, A., Lal, R., Shreshta, R., and Ussiri, D.: Soil carbon pools of reclaimed mine spoils under grass and forest land uses, Land Deg. Dev., 20, 300–307, 2009.; Chaudhuri, S., McDonald, L., Skousen, J., Pena-Yewtukhiw, E.: Soil organic carbon molecular properties: effects of time since reclamation in a minesoil chronosequence, Land Deg. Dev., 26, 237–248, 2015.; Chodak, M., Pietrzykowski, M., and Niklinska, M.: Development of microbial properties in a chronosequence of sandy mine soils, App. Soil Ecol., 41, 259–268, 2009.; Daniels, W. and Zipper, C.: Improving coal surface mine reclamation in the Central Appalachian region, in: Rehabilitating damaged ecosystems, Vol. I, edited by: Cairns Jr., J., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 139–162, 1998.; Delp, C.: Soil survey of Webster County, West Virginia, USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Morgantown, WV, available at: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MANUSCRIPTS/west_virginia/WV101/0/wvwebster5_05.pdf (last access: 18 June 2015), 1998.; Elkins, N., Parker, L., Aldon, E., and Whitford, W.: Responses of soil biota to organic amendments in stripmine spoils in Northwestern New Mexico, J. Environ. Qual., 13, 215–219, 1984.; Emerson, P., Skousen, J., and Ziemkiewicz, P.: Survival and growth of hardwoods in brown vs gray sandstone on a surface mine in West Virginia, J. Environ. Qual., 38, 1821–1829, 2009.; Fields-Johnson, C., Zipper, C., Burger, J., and Evans, D.: Forest restoration in steep slopes after coal surface mining in Appalachian USA: Soil grading and seeding effects, For. Ecol. Manage., 270, 126–134, 2012.; Franklin, J., Zipper, C., Burger, J., Skousen, J., and Jacobs, D.: Influence of planted ground cover on forest establishment and growth on eastern US coal surface mines, New Forests, 43, 905–924, 2012.; Groninger, J., Skousen, J., Angel, P., Barton, C., Burger, J., and Zipper, C.: Mine reclamation practices to enhance forest development through natural succession. Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 5, available at: http://arri.osmre

 

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