World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Tree Species Identity and Functional Traits but Not Species Richness Affect Interrill Erosion Processes in Young Subtropical Forests : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/06/2015)

By Seitz, S.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004022349
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 36
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Tree Species Identity and Functional Traits but Not Species Richness Affect Interrill Erosion Processes in Young Subtropical Forests : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/06/2015)  
Author: Seitz, S.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Soil, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Song, Z., Bruelheide, H., Kühn, P., Li, Y., Härdtle, W., Seitz, S.,...Scholten, T. (2015). Tree Species Identity and Functional Traits but Not Species Richness Affect Interrill Erosion Processes in Young Subtropical Forests : Volume 2, Issue 1 (24/06/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Department of Geosciences, Soil Science and Geomorphology, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Rümelinstrasse 19–23, 72070 Tübingen, Germany. Soil erosion is seriously threatening ecosystem functioning in many parts of the world. In this context, it is assumed that tree species richness and functional diversity of tree communities can play a critical role in improving ecosystem services such as erosion control. An experiment with 170 micro-scale runoff plots was conducted to investigate the influence of tree species richness and identity as well as tree functional traits on interrill erosion in a young forest ecosystem. An interrill erosion rate of 47.5 t ha−1 a−1 was calculated. This study provided evidence that different tree species affect interrill erosion, but higher tree species richness did not mitigate soil losses in young forest stands. Thus, different tree morphologies have to be considered, when assessing erosion under forest. High crown cover and leaf area index reduced soil losses in initial forest ecosystems, whereas rising tree height increased them. Even if a leaf litter cover was not present, remaining soil surface cover by stones and biological soil crusts was the most important driver for soil erosion control. Furthermore, soil organic matter had a decreasing influence on soil loss. Long-term monitoring of soil erosion under closing tree canopies is necessary and a wide range of functional tree traits should be taken into consideration in future research.

Summary
Tree species identity and functional traits but not species richness affect interrill erosion processes in young subtropical forests

Excerpt
Abrahams, A. D., Parsons, A. J., and Wainwright, J.: Effects of vegetation change on interrill runoff and erosion, Walnut Gulch, southern Arizona, Geomorphology, 13, 37–48, doi:10.1016/0169-555X(95)00027-3, 1995.; Agassi, M. and Bradford, J.: Methodologies for interrill soil erosion studies, Soil Till. Res., 49, 277–287, doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00182-2, 1999.; Augusto, L., Ranger, J., Binkley, D., and Rothe, A.: Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility, Ann. For. Sci., 59, 233–253, doi:10.1051/forest:2002020, 2002.; Bagarello, V. and Ferro, V.: Plot-scale measurement of soil erosion at the experimental area of Sparacia (southern Italy), Hydrol. Process., 18, 141–157, doi:10.1002/hyp.1318, 2004.; Barnes, B. V. and Spurr, S. H.: Forest ecology, 4th Edn., Wiley, New York, xviii, 774, 1998.; Barthlott, W., Mutke, J., Rafiqpoor, M. D., Kier, G., and Kreft, H.: Global centres of vascular plant diversity, Nova Act. LC, 92, 61–83, 2005.; Bauhus, J. and Schmerbeck, J.: Silvicultural options to enhance and use forest plantation biodiversity, in: Ecosystem goods and services from plantation forests, edited by: Bauhus, J., van der Meer, P., and Kanninen, M., Earthscan, London, Washington, DC, 96–139, 2010.; Baumann, F., He, J.-S., Schmidt, K., Kühn, P., and Scholten, T.: Pedogenesis, permafrost, and soil moisture as controlling factors for soil nitrogen and carbon contents across the Tibetan Plateau, Glob. Change Biol., 15, 3001–3017, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01953.x, 2009.; Bautista, S., Mayor, Á. G., Bourakhouadar, J., and Bellot, J.: Plant Spatial Pattern Predicts Hillslope Runoff and Erosion in a Semiarid Mediterranean Landscape, Ecosystems, 10, 987–998, doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9074-3, 2007.; Berendse, F., van Ruijven, J., Jongejans, E., and Keesstra, S.: Loss of Plant Species Diversity Reduces Soil Erosion Resistance, Ecosystems, doi:10.1007/s10021-015-9869-6, online first, 2015.; Blanco-Canqui, H. and Lal, R.: Principles of soil conservation and management, Springer, Dordrecht, London, 2008.; Bochet, E., Poesen, J., and Rubio, J. L.: Runoff and soil loss under individual plants of a semi-arid Mediterranean shrubland: influence of plant morphology and rainfall intensity, Earth Surf. Proc. Land., 31, 536–549, doi:10.1002/esp.1351, 2006.; Boix-Fayos, C., Martínez-Mena, M., Arnau-Rosalén, E., Calvo-Cases, A., Castillo, V., and Albaladejo, J.: Measuring soil erosion by field plots: Understanding the sources of variation, Earth-Sci. Rev., 78, 267–285, doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.05.005, 2006.; Brevik, E. C., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Pereg, L., Quinton, J. N., Six, J., and Van Oost, K.: The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL, SOIL, 1, 117–129, doi:10.5194/soil-1-117-2015, 2015.; Bruelheide, H., Böhnke, M., Both, S., Fang, T., Assmann, T., Baruffol, M., Bauhus, J., Buscot, F., Chen, X.-Y., Ding, B.-Y., Durka, W., Erfmeier, A., Fischer, M., Geißler, C., Guo, D., Guo, L.-D., Härdtle, W., He, J.-S., Hector, A., Kröber, W., Kühn, P., Lang, A. C., Nadrowski, K., Pei, K., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Shi, X., Scholten, T., Schuldt, A., Trogisch, S., von Oheimb, G., Welk, E., Wirth, C., Wu, Y.-T., Yang, X., Zeng, X., Zhang, S., Zhou, H., Ma, K., and Schmid, B.: Community assembly during secondary forest succession in


 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • A Call for International Soil Experiment... (by )
  • Analysis of the Linearised Observation O... (by )
  • Depth Distribution of Radiocesium in Fuk... (by )
  • Ecological Soil Quality Affected by Land... (by )
  • Permafrost Soils and Carbon Cycling : Vo... (by )
  • Geospatial Variation of Grapevine Water ... (by )
  • Synchrotron Microtomographic Quantificat... (by )
  • 14C in Cropland Soil of a Long-term Fiel... (by )
  • Short Term Recovery of Soil Physical, Ch... (by )
  • An Overview of the Recent Approaches for... (by )
  • The Use of Soil Electrical Resistivity t... (by )
  • Impact of Gravels and Organic Matter on ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.