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Variability and Trends in Laptev Sea Ice Outflow Between 1992–2011 : Volume 6, Issue 4 (27/07/2012)

By Krumpen, T.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004022703
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 40
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Variability and Trends in Laptev Sea Ice Outflow Between 1992–2011 : Volume 6, Issue 4 (27/07/2012)  
Author: Krumpen, T.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Cryosphere, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2012
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Hodges, K. I., Janout, M., Gerdes, R., Willmes, S., Girard-Ardhuin, F., Krumpen, T., & Hölemann, J. A. (2012). Variability and Trends in Laptev Sea Ice Outflow Between 1992–2011 : Volume 6, Issue 4 (27/07/2012). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Alfred Wegener Institute, Busse Str. 24, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany. Variability and trends in seasonal and interannual ice area export out of the Laptev Sea between 1992 and 2011 are investigated using satellite-based sea ice drift and concentration data. We found an average winter (October to May) ice area transport across the northern and eastern Laptev Sea boundaries (NB and EB) of 3.48 × 105 km2. The average transport across the NB (2.87 × 105 km2) is thereby higher than across the EB (0.61 × 105 km2), with a less pronounced seasonal cycle. The total Laptev Sea ice area flux significantly increased over the last decades (0.85 × 105 km2/decade, p > 0.95), dominated by increasing export through the EB (0.55 × 105 km2/decade, p > 0.90), while the increase in export across the NB is small (0.3 × 105 km2/decade) and statistically not significant. The strong coupling between across-boundary SLP gradient and ice drift velocity indicates that monthly variations in ice area flux are primarily controlled by changes in geostrophic wind velocities, although the Laptev Sea ice circulation shows no clear relationship with large-scale atmospheric indices. Also there is no evidence of increasing wind velocities that could explain the overall positive trends in ice export. Following Spreenet al. (2011), we therefore assume that changes in ice flux rates may be related to changes in the ice cover such as thinning and/or a decrease in concentration. The use of a back-propagation method revealed that most of the ice that is incorporated into the Transpolar Drift is formed during freeze-up and originates from the central and western part of the Laptev Sea, while the exchange with the East Siberian Sea is dominated by ice coming from the Central and South-Eastern Laptev Sea. Furthermore, our results imply that the late winter (February to May) ice area flux may at least partially control the summer sea ice extent in the Laptev Sea.

Summary
Variability and trends in Laptev Sea ice outflow between 1992–2011

Excerpt
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