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Chemical Pneumonitis and Subsequent Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome After a Single Exposure to a Household Product: a Case Report., Vol. 3

By Khalid, Imran

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Book Id: WPLBN0004436191
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2009-11-09

Title: Chemical Pneumonitis and Subsequent Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome After a Single Exposure to a Household Product: a Case Report., Vol. 3  
Author: Khalid, Imran
Volume: Vol. 3
Language: English
Subject: Arid Regions, West (U.S.), Periodicals, Fantasy Fiction, English
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Historic
Publication Date:
2009-11-09
Publisher:

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R, O. D. (2009-11-09). Chemical Pneumonitis and Subsequent Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome After a Single Exposure to a Household Product: a Case Report., Vol. 3. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: This article is from Journal of Medical Case Reports, volume 3.

Abstract

Introduction: Household products are usually safe to use. Adverse events arising from their use are mostly reported in patients with pre-existing atopy or pulmonary problems and usually only after a prolonged exposure to such products. We report the case of a patient with no prior problems who developed significant side effects from a single exposure to a domestic product. Case presentation: A 43-year-old Caucasian American man, previously in good health, used a domestic aerosol product called 'Stand N' Seal Spray-On Grout Sealer' in an enclosed room in his house. The product contained n-butyl acetate (<5%), propane (10%), isobutane (<5%), C8-C9 petroleum hydrocarbon solvent (80%), a fluoropolymer resin and a solvent. Within a few hours of exposure to the sealant, he developed rapidly progressive shortness of breath and a severe non-productive cough. By the time he reached the emergency room he was severely hypoxic. A diagnosis of chemical pneumonitis was made based on the clinical scenario and the diffuse infiltrates on the computer tomography scan. With supportive therapy, his condition improved and he was discharged from the hospital. However, he continued to have symptoms of intermittent cough and shortness of breath in response to strong odours, fumes, cold air and exertion even after his chest radiograph had normalized. Three months later, bronchial hyper-responsiveness was documented by a methacholine inhalation test and a diagnosis of reactive airways dysfunction syndrome was made. The patient was started on high-dose inhaled steroids and his symptoms improved. The mechanism of toxicity and determination of the exact agent responsible is still under investigation. Conclusion: A household product may still prove unsafe to use even after it has gone through vigorous testing and approval processes. Even healthy individuals are susceptible to adverse outcomes after a brief exposure. Extra precautions should be taken when using any chemical product at home.


 

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