World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Framing Hydropower as Green Energy: Assessing Drivers, Risks and Tensions in the Eastern Himalayas : Volume 6, Issue 1 (15/04/2015)

By Ahlers, R.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004007252
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Framing Hydropower as Green Energy: Assessing Drivers, Risks and Tensions in the Eastern Himalayas : Volume 6, Issue 1 (15/04/2015)  
Author: Ahlers, R.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Earth, System
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Ahlers, R., Joshi, D., Budds, J., Merme, V., & Zwarteveen, M. (2015). Framing Hydropower as Green Energy: Assessing Drivers, Risks and Tensions in the Eastern Himalayas : Volume 6, Issue 1 (15/04/2015). Retrieved from

Description: Independent researcher, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The culturally and ecologically diverse region of the Eastern Himalayas is the target of ambitious hydropower development plans. Policy discourses at national and international levels position this development as synergistically positive: it combines the production of clean energy to fuel economic growth at regional and national levels with initiatives to lift poor mountain communities out of poverty. Different from hydropower development in the 20th century in which development agencies and banks were important players, contemporary initiatives importantly rely on the involvement of private actors, with a prominent role of the private finance sector. This implies that hydropower development is not only financially viable but also understood as highly profitable. This paper examines the new development of hydropower in the Eastern Himalayas of Nepal and India. It questions its framing as green energy, interrogates its links with climate change, and examines its potential for investment and capital accumulation. To do this, we also review the evidence on the extent to which its construction and operation may modify existing hydrogeological processes and ecosystems, as well as its impacts on the livelihoods of diverse groups of people that depend on these. The paper concludes that hydropower development in the region is characterized by inherent contentions and uncertainties, refuting the idea that dams constitute development projects whose impacts can be simply predicted, controlled and mitigated. Indeed, in a highly complex geological, ecological, cultural and political context that is widely regarded to be especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, hydropower as a development strategy makes for a toxic cocktail.

Framing hydropower as green energy: assessing drivers, risks and tensions in the Eastern Himalayas

ADB: Hydropower development in India: A Sector Assessment, Asian Development Bank, (last access: 15 August 2014), 2007.; Agrawala, S., Raksakulthai, V., van Aalst, M., Larsen, P., Smith, J., and Reynolds, J.: Development and Climate Change in Nepal: Focus on Water Resources and Hydropower, OECD, Paris, 2003.; Ahlers, R.: Temples of modernity: the technological fix of the 20th century, in: Unpublished paper presented at the Association for American Geographers Annual Meeting, 14–16 April 2011, Seattle, Washington, 2011.; Ahlers, R., Brandimarte, L., Kleemans, I., and Sadat, S.: Ambitious development on fragile foundations: Criticalities of current large dam construction in Afghanistan, Geoforum, 54, 49–58, 2014.; Ansar, A., Flyvbjerg, B., Budzier, A., and Lunn, D.: Should we build more large dams? The actual costs of hydropower megaproject development, Energy Policy, 69, 43–56, 2014.; Asif, M. and Muneer, T.: Energy supply, its demand and security issues for developed and emerging economies, Renew. Sustai. Energy Rev., 11, 1388–1413, 2007.; Baruah, S.: Whose River is it Anyway? Political Economy of Hydropower in the Eastern Himalayas, Economic and Political Weekly, 41–52, 21 July 2012.; Bawa, K. S., Koh, L. P., Lee, T. M., Liu, J., Ramakrishnan, P. S., Yu, D. W., Zhang, Y., and Raven, P. H.: China, India, and the Environment, Science, 327, 1457–1459, 2010.; Budds, J. and Hinojosa, L.: Restructuring and rescaling water governance in mining contexts: The co-production of waterscapes in Peru, Water Alternat., 5, 119–137, 2012.; Bury, J., Mark, B. G., Carey, M., Young, K. R., McKenzie, J. M., Baraer, M., French, A., and Polk, M. H.: New Geographies of Water and Climate Change in Peru: Coupled Natural and Social Transformations in the Santa River Watershed, Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr., 103, 363–374, 2013.; Kim, S.: Greening the Dam: The case of the San Roque Multi-purpose Project in the Philippines, Geoforum, 41, 627–637, 2010.; Chandy, T., Keenan, R. J., Rodney, J. K., Petheram, R. J., and Shepherd, P.: Impacts of Hydropower Development on Rural Livelihood Sustainability in Sikkim, India: Community Perceptions, Mount. Res. Develop., 32, 117–125, 2012.; Choudhury, N.: Legality and legitimacy of public involvement in infrastructure planning: observations from hydropower projects in India, J. Environ. Pl. Manage., 57, 297–315, 2013.; CDM watch:, last access: 5 August 2014.; Dharmadhikary, S.: Mountains of Concrete: Dam Building in the Himalayas, International Rivers, Inkworks, (last access: 15 August 2014), 2008.; Dhungel, D. N. and Pun, S. B.: The Nepal – India Water Relationship: Challenges, Springer Science and Business Media, Dordrecht, 2009.; Dixit, A.: Climate change in Nepal, Impacts and adaptive strategies, in: World Resources Report 2012-02013,, last access: 10 October 2012.; Dixit, A. and Gyawali, D. :Nepal's constructive Dialogue on Dams and Development', Water Alternatives 3(2): 106-123, 2010.; Duflo, E. and Pande, R.: Dams, Q. J. Econ., 122, 601–646, 2007.; Erlewein, A. and Nüsser, M.: Offsetting greenhouse gas emissions in the Himalaya? Clean development dams in Himachal Pradesh, India, Mount. Res. Develop., 31, 293–304, 2011.; Fearnside, P. M.: Impacts of Brazil's Madeira River Dams: Un


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Maredat: Towards a World Ocean Atlas of ... (by )
  • A Trend-preserving Bias Correction – the... (by )
  • Applying the Concept of Energy Return on... (by )
  • The Irhum (Isotopic Reconstruction of Hu... (by )
  • Local Sources of Global Climate Forcing ... (by )
  • The Impact of Nitrogen and Phosphorous L... (by )
  • Vertical and Horizontal Processes in the... (by )
  • Atlantic Cfc Data in Carina : Volume 2, ... (by )
  • Comment on Climate Sensitivity in the An... (by )
  • Climate Change Impact on Available Water... (by )
  • Carina: Nutrient Data in the Atlantic Oc... (by )
  • The Impact of Model Variation in Co2 and... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.